Red Queen and Red King Effects in cultural agent-based modeling: Hawk Dove Binary and Systemic Discrimination

S. M. Amadae, Christopher Watts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


What endogenous factors contribute to minority (Red Queen) or majority (Red King) domination under conditions of coercive bargaining? We build on previous work demonstrating minority disadvantage in non-coercive bargaining games to show that under neutral initial conditions, majorities are advantaged in high conflict situations, and minorities are advantaged in low conflict games. These effects are a function of the relationship between (1) relative proportions of the majority and minority groups and (2) costs of conflict. Although both Red King and Red Queen effects can occur, we further show that agents’ increased initial propensity toward conflict advantages majorities.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Mathematical Sociology
Number of pages28
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Feb 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 5171 Political Science
  • discrimination
  • coercive bargaining
  • asymmetric convention
  • Hawk Dove
  • Red Queen effect
  • Red King effect

Cite this