REDD+ and Green Growth

Synergies or discord in Vietnam and Indonesia

Thuy Thu Pham, Moira Moeliono, Maria Brockhaus, Dung Ngoc Le, Pia Katila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Green Growth (GG) has emerged as a global narrative, replacing to some extent and integrating earlier sustainable development narratives,
while Reducing Emissions through avoiding Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) has developed as major item in climate change
negotiations. GG and REDD+ are both considered important strategies and are often seen as synergistic in achieving major changes in economic,
regulatory and governance frameworks. Of concern, however, is that GG is sometimes seen as greenwashing of economic activities
(which could include forest conversion to other land uses) by an oversimplified presentation of win-win solutions without challenging the
actual root causes of unsustainable growth. How GG and REDD+ can contribute to transformational change in policy and practice depends on
the relationship between these narratives, especially whether their adoption in national level policies manifests synergies or discord. In this
paper, we will answer this question through analysing: (1) how the two narratives have unfolded in Vietnam and Indonesia and to what extent
REDD+ and GG rhetoric include concrete policy objectives; (2) what issues policy actors perceive as challenges for their implementation. A
comparative, mixed methods approach was employed to analyze how REDD+ and GG are framed in national policy documents. This analysis
was supported by data from interviews with policy actors in both countries in two points of time, 2011/12 and 2015/16. The findings highlight
the challenges for implementation of both REDD+ and GG as individual policy programmes, and the dilution of the REDD+ agenda and
decision makers’ confusion about a GG strategy when these narratives are joined and translated by decision makers. Actors still perceive
development and environmental objectives as a zero-sum struggle, favouring a development narrative that might lead to neither REDD+ nor
green policy action. We conclude that REDD+ and GG can go hand in hand, if there is action to tackle deforestation and degradation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Forestry Review
Volume19
Issue numberS1
Pages (from-to)56-68
Number of pages13
ISSN1465-5489
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Bibliographical note

Shifting global development discourses – Implications for forests and livelihoods: Special Issue (Supplement 1, December 2017)

Fields of Science

  • 4112 Forestry
  • 511 Economics

Cite this

Pham, T. T., Moeliono, M., Brockhaus, M., Le, D. N., & Katila, P. (2017). REDD+ and Green Growth: Synergies or discord in Vietnam and Indonesia. International Forestry Review, 19(S1), 56-68.
Pham, Thuy Thu ; Moeliono, Moira ; Brockhaus, Maria ; Le, Dung Ngoc ; Katila, Pia. / REDD+ and Green Growth : Synergies or discord in Vietnam and Indonesia. In: International Forestry Review. 2017 ; Vol. 19, No. S1. pp. 56-68.
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abstract = "Green Growth (GG) has emerged as a global narrative, replacing to some extent and integrating earlier sustainable development narratives,while Reducing Emissions through avoiding Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) has developed as major item in climate changenegotiations. GG and REDD+ are both considered important strategies and are often seen as synergistic in achieving major changes in economic,regulatory and governance frameworks. Of concern, however, is that GG is sometimes seen as greenwashing of economic activities(which could include forest conversion to other land uses) by an oversimplified presentation of win-win solutions without challenging theactual root causes of unsustainable growth. How GG and REDD+ can contribute to transformational change in policy and practice depends onthe relationship between these narratives, especially whether their adoption in national level policies manifests synergies or discord. In thispaper, we will answer this question through analysing: (1) how the two narratives have unfolded in Vietnam and Indonesia and to what extentREDD+ and GG rhetoric include concrete policy objectives; (2) what issues policy actors perceive as challenges for their implementation. Acomparative, mixed methods approach was employed to analyze how REDD+ and GG are framed in national policy documents. This analysiswas supported by data from interviews with policy actors in both countries in two points of time, 2011/12 and 2015/16. The findings highlightthe challenges for implementation of both REDD+ and GG as individual policy programmes, and the dilution of the REDD+ agenda anddecision makers’ confusion about a GG strategy when these narratives are joined and translated by decision makers. Actors still perceivedevelopment and environmental objectives as a zero-sum struggle, favouring a development narrative that might lead to neither REDD+ norgreen policy action. We conclude that REDD+ and GG can go hand in hand, if there is action to tackle deforestation and degradation.",
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Pham, TT, Moeliono, M, Brockhaus, M, Le, DN & Katila, P 2017, 'REDD+ and Green Growth: Synergies or discord in Vietnam and Indonesia', International Forestry Review, vol. 19, no. S1, pp. 56-68.

REDD+ and Green Growth : Synergies or discord in Vietnam and Indonesia. / Pham, Thuy Thu ; Moeliono, Moira; Brockhaus, Maria; Le, Dung Ngoc; Katila, Pia.

In: International Forestry Review, Vol. 19, No. S1, 01.08.2017, p. 56-68.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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T2 - Synergies or discord in Vietnam and Indonesia

AU - Pham, Thuy Thu

AU - Moeliono, Moira

AU - Brockhaus, Maria

AU - Le, Dung Ngoc

AU - Katila, Pia

N1 - Shifting global development discourses – Implications for forests and livelihoods: Special Issue (Supplement 1, December 2017)

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N2 - Green Growth (GG) has emerged as a global narrative, replacing to some extent and integrating earlier sustainable development narratives,while Reducing Emissions through avoiding Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) has developed as major item in climate changenegotiations. GG and REDD+ are both considered important strategies and are often seen as synergistic in achieving major changes in economic,regulatory and governance frameworks. Of concern, however, is that GG is sometimes seen as greenwashing of economic activities(which could include forest conversion to other land uses) by an oversimplified presentation of win-win solutions without challenging theactual root causes of unsustainable growth. How GG and REDD+ can contribute to transformational change in policy and practice depends onthe relationship between these narratives, especially whether their adoption in national level policies manifests synergies or discord. In thispaper, we will answer this question through analysing: (1) how the two narratives have unfolded in Vietnam and Indonesia and to what extentREDD+ and GG rhetoric include concrete policy objectives; (2) what issues policy actors perceive as challenges for their implementation. Acomparative, mixed methods approach was employed to analyze how REDD+ and GG are framed in national policy documents. This analysiswas supported by data from interviews with policy actors in both countries in two points of time, 2011/12 and 2015/16. The findings highlightthe challenges for implementation of both REDD+ and GG as individual policy programmes, and the dilution of the REDD+ agenda anddecision makers’ confusion about a GG strategy when these narratives are joined and translated by decision makers. Actors still perceivedevelopment and environmental objectives as a zero-sum struggle, favouring a development narrative that might lead to neither REDD+ norgreen policy action. We conclude that REDD+ and GG can go hand in hand, if there is action to tackle deforestation and degradation.

AB - Green Growth (GG) has emerged as a global narrative, replacing to some extent and integrating earlier sustainable development narratives,while Reducing Emissions through avoiding Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) has developed as major item in climate changenegotiations. GG and REDD+ are both considered important strategies and are often seen as synergistic in achieving major changes in economic,regulatory and governance frameworks. Of concern, however, is that GG is sometimes seen as greenwashing of economic activities(which could include forest conversion to other land uses) by an oversimplified presentation of win-win solutions without challenging theactual root causes of unsustainable growth. How GG and REDD+ can contribute to transformational change in policy and practice depends onthe relationship between these narratives, especially whether their adoption in national level policies manifests synergies or discord. In thispaper, we will answer this question through analysing: (1) how the two narratives have unfolded in Vietnam and Indonesia and to what extentREDD+ and GG rhetoric include concrete policy objectives; (2) what issues policy actors perceive as challenges for their implementation. Acomparative, mixed methods approach was employed to analyze how REDD+ and GG are framed in national policy documents. This analysiswas supported by data from interviews with policy actors in both countries in two points of time, 2011/12 and 2015/16. The findings highlightthe challenges for implementation of both REDD+ and GG as individual policy programmes, and the dilution of the REDD+ agenda anddecision makers’ confusion about a GG strategy when these narratives are joined and translated by decision makers. Actors still perceivedevelopment and environmental objectives as a zero-sum struggle, favouring a development narrative that might lead to neither REDD+ norgreen policy action. We conclude that REDD+ and GG can go hand in hand, if there is action to tackle deforestation and degradation.

KW - 4112 Forestry

KW - 511 Economics

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 56

EP - 68

JO - International Forestry Review

JF - International Forestry Review

SN - 1465-5489

IS - S1

ER -