Relationship Between Organizational Justice and Organizational Safety Climate: Do Fairness Perceptions Influence Employee Safety Behaviour?

Ayim Seth Gyekye, Mohammad Haybatollahi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


    This study investigated the relationships between organizational justice, organizational safety climate, job
    satisfaction, safety compliance and accident frequency. Ghanaian industrial workers participated in the study
    (N = 320). Safety climate and justice perceptions were assessed with Hayes, Parender, Smecko, et al.’s (1998)
    and Blader and Tyler’s (2003) scales respectively. A median split was performed to dichotomize participants
    into 2 categories: workers with positive and workers with negative justice perceptions. Confirmatory factors
    analysis confirmed the 5-factor structure of the safety scale. Regression analyses and t tests indicated that
    workers with positive fairness perceptions had constructive perspectives regarding workplace safety,
    expressed greater job satisfaction, were more compliant with safety policies and registered lower accident
    rates. These findings provide evidence that the perceived level of fairness in an organization is closely associated
    with workplace safety perception and other organizational factors which are important for safety. The
    implications for safety research are discussed.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalInternational journal of occupational safety and ergonomics
    Issue number2
    Pages (from-to)199-211
    Number of pages13
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Bibliographical note

    Ayim Gyekye, S., & Haybatollahi, M. (2014). Relationship between organizational justice and organizational safety climate: do fairness perceptions influence employee safety behaviour?. International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics, 20(2), 199-211.

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