Relationship Satisfaction and Similarity of Personality Traits, Personal Values, and Attitudes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Spousal similarity and its consequences are widely studied, but methodologically challenging topics. We employed Response Surface Analysis to examine similarity along political attitudes, personal values, and personality traits. Opposite-sex couples (624 individuals) expecting a child were recruited. Spouses were highly similar regarding their political attitudes and moderately similar regarding trait Openness and the personal values Universalism and Tradition. Similarity for other traits and values was weak (e.g. Conscientiousness, Power values) or non-existent (e.g. Neuroticism, Benevolence values). Similarity in conservative vs. liberal attitudes was non-linear: a conservative-conservative union was most common. Women's relationship satisfaction was related to similarity in left-right and liberal-conservative political attitudes, and both partners' satisfaction was related to similarity in Self-Direction values. Similarity in personality traits was unrelated to relationship satisfaction.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume123
Pages (from-to)191-198
Number of pages8
ISSN0191-8869
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 5144 Social psychology
  • 515 Psychology
  • Personality traits
  • Personal values
  • Political attitudes
  • Relationship satisfaction
  • Human mate selection
  • COUPLE-CENTERED APPROACH
  • MARITAL QUALITY
  • SOCIAL-CONSEQUENCES
  • ATTRACTION
  • METAANALYSIS
  • CONVERGENCE
  • DIMENSIONS
  • ASSORTMENT
  • COUNTRIES
  • PARTNER

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