Safe Deferral of Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography for Patients With a Low Pretest Probability of Coronary Artery Disease in 2019 European Society of Cardiology Guidelines

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Coronary computed tomography angiography is increasingly used as the first-line test for suspected coronary artery disease. Its overuse in a low pretest probability (PTP) population may lead to low diagnostic yield without change in patient management. We evaluated the clinical consequences of the updated 2019 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) chronic coronary syndromes guidelines’ PTP estimation and whether imaging could be safely deferred in patients with a low PTP. METHODS AND RESULTS: This retrospective cohort included all 1753 consecutive patients who underwent coronary computed tomography angiography for suspected coronary artery disease at Helsinki University Hospital between 2009 and 2017. PTP was calculated according to the 2013 and 2019 ESC guidelines. The overall mortality, cardiac deaths, myocardial infarctions, and hospitalizations for unstable angina were acquired from national registry data for 1 to 10 years of follow-up (median, 4 years). Updated 2019 ESC guidelines classified 72% of the patients as having low PTP, whose imaging could have been deferred. The revascularization rate (4.7%) and annual cardiac mortality (0.4%) were low in the 857 patients reclassified from the recommendation to test, according to the 2013 ESC guideline, to deferral of coronary computed tomography angiography, according to the new 2019 guideline. CONCLUSIONS: The updated 2019 ESC guideline PTP score aids clinicians in safely preventing the overuse of cardiac imaging in patients deemed at low PTP of coronary artery disease. Diagnostic yield, revascularization rate, and cardiac mortality are low in patients with low pretest risk.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere029933
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume12
Issue number23
ISSN2047-9980
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Dec 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors.

Fields of Science

  • cardiac imaging
  • chest pain
  • chronic coronary syndrome
  • diagnostic yield
  • prognosis
  • 3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine

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