Seasonality in recreation supply and demand in an urban lake ecosystem in Finland

Kati Hannele Vierikko, Vesa Johannes Yli-Pelkonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Monetary valuation methods are commonly used to analyze recreation values of water ecosystems. However, most studies on water-related recreation values have not analyzed direct links between ecological elements providing recreation opportunities and user demands. Therefore, we implemented an ecosystem service approach to study human-nature interaction during the actual recreation visit to an urban freshwater site. We developed a conceptual model of local cultural ecosystem services (CES) to study interactions between recreation supply and demand. We were interested in seasonality of water-related recreation supply, and the different demands of summer and off-summer visitors. We chose urban Lake Kuusijärvi in the city of Vantaa, Finland, as our case study area, because it is a popular outdoor recreation area around the year. We identified 14 key elements of the supply of local CES and 22 socio-cultural values for the demand for local CES. We found little seasonal change in recreation supply, but the socio-demographic characteristics and demands of summer and off-summer visitors varied significantly. Demand was higher and more diverse during the summer season, while off-summer visitors were more specific in their demands. Moreover, some visitors feared that some socio-cultural values can be lost if the recreational use of the lake area increases. We discuss our findings in a theoretical context focusing especially on interactions between supply and demand of local CES at Lake Kuusijärvi.
Original languageEnglish
JournalUrban Ecosystems
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)769-783
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 1172 Environmental sciences
  • urban ecology
  • Urban ecosystems
  • Ecosystem services
  • urban ecosystem services
  • Urban nature
  • Recreation
  • Cultural ecosystem services
  • Lake Kuusijärvi
  • Helsinki metropolitan area

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