Secretion of Tau via an Unconventional Non-vesicular Mechanism

Research output: Conference materialsPoster

Abstract

Objectives: Cerebral accumulation of Tau protein aggregates, in the form of neurofibrillary tangles, is a pathological hallmark of numerous neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's disease. In these tauopathies, Tau forms inclusions that spread throughout the brain via a cell-to-cell transmission process that includes cellular secretion and uptake of pathological Tau, followed by templated misfolding of normal Tau in recipient cells. The mechanism of Tau secretion remains poorly understood.
Methods: Subcellular localization of Tau was analyzed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). For monitoring cellular release of Tau dimers and oligomers in live cells, we used a Gaussia luciferase-based Protein-fragment Complementation Assays (PCA).
Results: We show that Tau is secreted independently of membrane trafficking or ATP and that Tau is clustered in sub-plasma membrane microdomains. Tau secretion is decreased when levels of cholesterol or sphingomyelin on the plasma membrane are lowered, or by increasing the levels of omega-3 fatty acid docosahexanoic acid, indicating that plasma membrane lipids and biophysical properties play an important role in Tau secretion. Cell-surface heparan sulphate proteoglycans support Tau secretion, possibly by facilitating its release after membrane penetration. Several Tau aggregation inhibitors reduce Tau secretion, with epigallocatechin-3-gallate showing the most potent effects. Notably, secretion of endogenous Tau from primary cortical neurons is mediated, at least partially, by a similar mechanism.
Conclusions: These results suggest that Tau is released by an unconventional secretory mechanism that involves hyperphosphorylation and oligomerization, and that membrane interaction may help Tau to acquire properties that allow its escape from cells directly through the plasma membrane.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2019
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
EventThe 14th​ International Conference on Alzheimer's & Parkinson's Diseases and Related Neurological Disorders (AD/PD 2019) - Lissabon, Portugal
Duration: 26 Mar 201931 Mar 2019
http://www.adpd.kenes.com/2019.html

Conference

ConferenceThe 14th​ International Conference on Alzheimer's & Parkinson's Diseases and Related Neurological Disorders (AD/PD 2019)
CountryPortugal
CityLissabon
Period26/03/201931/03/2019
Internet address

Fields of Science

  • 1182 Biochemistry, cell and molecular biology
  • Alzheimer disease
  • Tau
  • unconventional secretion

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