Self-esteem and values

Jan-Erik Lönnqvist, Markku Verkasalo, Klaus Helkama, Galina M Andreyeva, Irina Bezmenova, Anna Maria Manganelli Rattazzi, Toomas Niit, Anna Stetsenko

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    "The purpose of the present study was to connect personal values to self-esteem in 14 samples (N=3612) of pre-professionals, high school students, and adults, from Finland, Russia, Switzerland, Italy, and Estonia. Self-enhancement values (power, achievement) and openness to change values (self-direction, stimulation) were positively, and self-transcendence values (universalism, benevolence) and conservation values (tradition) were negatively, related to self-esteem. These direct relations between values and self-esteem were only partly consistent with predictions derived from Maslow's theory of growth and deficiency needs. In samples of pre-professionals, self-esteem was correlated with congruence between personal values and the prevailing values environment. On the group-level, endorsement of achievement and universalism values was more strongly and positively related to self-esteem in samples where these values were considered more important. In contrast, endorsement of self-direction and hedonism values was more strongly and positively related to self-esteem in samples where these values were considered less important. These group-level results are interpreted as suggesting that attainment of culturally significant goals may raise self-esteem, but that high self-esteem may be required for the pursuit of less socially desirable goals. Copyright (C) 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd."
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
    Volume39
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)40-51
    Number of pages12
    ISSN0046-2772
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fields of Science

    • 515 Psychology
    • arvot
    • itsetunto
    • Values
    • Self Esteem

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