Sensitivity of Surface Urban Energy and Water Balance Scheme (SUEWS) to downscaling of reanalysis forcing data

T.V. Kokkonen, C.S.B. Grimmond, O. Räty, H.C. Ward, A. Christen, T.R. Oke, S. Kotthaus, L. Järvi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Often the meteorological forcing data required for urban hydrological models are unavailable at the required temporal resolution or for the desired period. Although reanalysis data can provide this information, the spatial resolution is often coarse relative to cities, so downscaling is required prior to use as realistic forcing. In this study, WATCH WFDEI reanalysis data are used to force the Surface Urban Energy and Water Balance Scheme (SUEWS). From sensitivity tests in two cities, Vancouver and London with different orography, we conclude precipitation is the most important meteorological variable to be properly downscaled to obtain reliable surface hydrology results, with relative humidity being the second most important. Overestimation of precipitation in reanalysis data at the three sites gives 6-21% higher annual modelled evaporation, 26-39% higher runoff at one site and 4% lower value at one site when compared to modelled values using observed forcing data. Application of a bias correction method to the reanalysis precipitation reduces the model bias compared to using observed forcing data, when evaluated using eddy covariance evaporation measurements. (c) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalUrban Climate
Volume23
Pages (from-to)36-52
Number of pages17
ISSN2212-0955
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 1172 Environmental sciences

Cite this

Kokkonen, T.V. ; Grimmond, C.S.B. ; Räty, O. ; Ward, H.C. ; Christen, A. ; Oke, T.R. ; Kotthaus, S. ; Järvi, L. / Sensitivity of Surface Urban Energy and Water Balance Scheme (SUEWS) to downscaling of reanalysis forcing data. In: Urban Climate . 2018 ; Vol. 23. pp. 36-52.
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title = "Sensitivity of Surface Urban Energy and Water Balance Scheme (SUEWS) to downscaling of reanalysis forcing data",
abstract = "Often the meteorological forcing data required for urban hydrological models are unavailable at the required temporal resolution or for the desired period. Although reanalysis data can provide this information, the spatial resolution is often coarse relative to cities, so downscaling is required prior to use as realistic forcing. In this study, WATCH WFDEI reanalysis data are used to force the Surface Urban Energy and Water Balance Scheme (SUEWS). From sensitivity tests in two cities, Vancouver and London with different orography, we conclude precipitation is the most important meteorological variable to be properly downscaled to obtain reliable surface hydrology results, with relative humidity being the second most important. Overestimation of precipitation in reanalysis data at the three sites gives 6-21{\%} higher annual modelled evaporation, 26-39{\%} higher runoff at one site and 4{\%} lower value at one site when compared to modelled values using observed forcing data. Application of a bias correction method to the reanalysis precipitation reduces the model bias compared to using observed forcing data, when evaluated using eddy covariance evaporation measurements. (c) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
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author = "T.V. Kokkonen and C.S.B. Grimmond and O. R{\"a}ty and H.C. Ward and A. Christen and T.R. Oke and S. Kotthaus and L. J{\"a}rvi",
year = "2018",
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Sensitivity of Surface Urban Energy and Water Balance Scheme (SUEWS) to downscaling of reanalysis forcing data. / Kokkonen, T.V.; Grimmond, C.S.B.; Räty, O.; Ward, H.C.; Christen, A.; Oke, T.R.; Kotthaus, S.; Järvi, L.

In: Urban Climate , Vol. 23, 03.2018, p. 36-52.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sensitivity of Surface Urban Energy and Water Balance Scheme (SUEWS) to downscaling of reanalysis forcing data

AU - Kokkonen, T.V.

AU - Grimmond, C.S.B.

AU - Räty, O.

AU - Ward, H.C.

AU - Christen, A.

AU - Oke, T.R.

AU - Kotthaus, S.

AU - Järvi, L.

PY - 2018/3

Y1 - 2018/3

N2 - Often the meteorological forcing data required for urban hydrological models are unavailable at the required temporal resolution or for the desired period. Although reanalysis data can provide this information, the spatial resolution is often coarse relative to cities, so downscaling is required prior to use as realistic forcing. In this study, WATCH WFDEI reanalysis data are used to force the Surface Urban Energy and Water Balance Scheme (SUEWS). From sensitivity tests in two cities, Vancouver and London with different orography, we conclude precipitation is the most important meteorological variable to be properly downscaled to obtain reliable surface hydrology results, with relative humidity being the second most important. Overestimation of precipitation in reanalysis data at the three sites gives 6-21% higher annual modelled evaporation, 26-39% higher runoff at one site and 4% lower value at one site when compared to modelled values using observed forcing data. Application of a bias correction method to the reanalysis precipitation reduces the model bias compared to using observed forcing data, when evaluated using eddy covariance evaporation measurements. (c) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - Often the meteorological forcing data required for urban hydrological models are unavailable at the required temporal resolution or for the desired period. Although reanalysis data can provide this information, the spatial resolution is often coarse relative to cities, so downscaling is required prior to use as realistic forcing. In this study, WATCH WFDEI reanalysis data are used to force the Surface Urban Energy and Water Balance Scheme (SUEWS). From sensitivity tests in two cities, Vancouver and London with different orography, we conclude precipitation is the most important meteorological variable to be properly downscaled to obtain reliable surface hydrology results, with relative humidity being the second most important. Overestimation of precipitation in reanalysis data at the three sites gives 6-21% higher annual modelled evaporation, 26-39% higher runoff at one site and 4% lower value at one site when compared to modelled values using observed forcing data. Application of a bias correction method to the reanalysis precipitation reduces the model bias compared to using observed forcing data, when evaluated using eddy covariance evaporation measurements. (c) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KW - 1172 Environmental sciences

U2 - 10.1016/j.uclim.2017.05.001

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M3 - Article

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JO - Urban Climate

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SN - 2212-0955

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