Situation analysis of energy use and consumption in Cambodia: Household access to energy

Mika Korkeakoski, Minna Mentula, Noora Vähäkari, Jyrki Luukanen, Jari Kaivo-oja, Anna Alexeeva, Eliyan Chea, Dany Va, Maarit Kallio, Nicholas Hogarth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this article is to analyse the current situation of access to energy (in relation to SDG 7) and energy usage behaviour in households in two provinces in Cambodia, namely Pursat and Kampong Cham. The analytical framework is based on the energy ladder model and the energy stacking model as a starting point for assessing the current household energy profiles. A quantitative survey carried out in late 2015 in 970 households revealed differences in access to electricity between urban, electrified rural, and non-electrified rural districts. In urban areas, households are using multiple (3–4) energy sources compared to rural areas (2–3). The use of electricity through batteries in the non-electrified rural areas remains notable (43%) despite no access to the national grid. The dependence on traditional biomass, especially firewood, remains high (91% of all respondents) for all the sampled households, especially so in rural non-electrified households. The study confirms that households’ energy mix is composed of various energy sources, even when modern energy sources are available as opposed to complete fuel switch. The results also show that electricity use does not automatically lead to increased household income, but is much more complex process than discussed in existing research. The article further discusses the possible causes behind the phenomenon, proposes recommendations for better-informed energy policy, and provides important insights towards sustainable energy transition in Cambodia in the future.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironment, Development and Sustainability
Volume23
Pages (from-to)18631-18655
Number of pages25
ISSN1387-585X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 4112 Forestry
  • 5203 Global Development Studies
  • Energy consumption
  • Households
  • Cambodia
  • Energy transition
  • Energy use models
  • Development pathways
  • KAMPONG CHHNANG PROVINCE
  • FUEL CHOICE

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