Solar neutrinos and dark matter detection with diurnal modulation

Sebastian Sassi, Abolfazl Dinmohammadi, Matti Heikinheimo, Nader Mirabolfathi, Kai Nordlund, Hossein Safari, Kimmo Tuominen

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We investigate the diurnal modulation of the event rate for dark matter scattering on solid targets arising from the directionally dependent defect creation threshold energy. In particular, we quantify how this effect would help in separating dark matter signal from the neutrino background. We perform a benchmark analysis for a germanium detector and compute how the reach of the experiment is affected by including the timing information of the scattering events. We observe that for light dark matter just above the detection threshold the magnitude of the annual modulation is enhanced. In this mass range using either the annual or diurnal modulation information provides a similar gain in the reach of the experiment, while the additional reach from using both effects remains modest. Furthermore, we demonstrate that if the background contains a feature exhibiting an annual modulation similar to the one observed by DAMA experiment, the diurnal modulation provides for an additional handle to separate dark matter signal from the background.
Original languageEnglish
Article number063037
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number6
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sep 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 114 Physical sciences

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