Spatial variation in plant community functions regulates carbon gas dynamics in a boreal fen ecosystem

Terhi Riutta, Jukka Laine, Mika Aurela, Janne Rinne, Timo Vesala, Tuomas Laurila, Sami Haapanala, Mari Pihlatie, Eeva-Stiina Tuittila

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to asses how the variability in carbon gas exchange at the plant community scale affected the C gas exchange estimates at the ecosystem scale in a fen that was homogeneous in a micrometeorological sense, that is, had an even surface topography and plant cover. CO2 and CH4 exchange was measured at the plant community scale with chambers and at the ecosystern scale with the eddy covariance (EC) technique. Community-scale measurements were upscaled to the ecosystem scale by weighting the community-specific estimates by the area of the community. All communities were net CO, sinks and CH4 sources during the growing season, but net ecosystem production (NEP) and CH4 emissions ranged from 21 to 190 g CO2-C m(-2) and from 4.3 to 13 g CH4-C m(-2), respectively, between the communities. The seasonal estimates of NEP and CH4, upscaled to the 200 m radius from the EC tower, were 82 and 7.9 2 CH4-C m(-2). which agreed well with the EC measurements. As the communities differed markedly in their C gas dynamics. their proportions controlled the ecosystem scale estimates. Successful upscaling required detailed knowledge on the proportions and leaf area of the communities.
Original languageEnglish
JournalTellus. Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology
Volume59B
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)838-852
Number of pages15
ISSN0280-6509
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 411 Agriculture and forestry

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