Stomatal-scale modelling of the competition between ozone sinks at the air-leaf interface

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This paper analyses the existence and relative strength of ozone (O-3) sinks at the leaf level, in particular the implications for the partition of the O-3 flux amongst the several physically, chemically and physiologically differing inner and outer surfaces of a leaf. We used a single-stomatal scale theoretical model to simulate the O-3 transfer into leaves and estimate the flux partition. The theoretical scenarios were compared with experimental values from shoot-scale measurements of O-3 flux onto Scots pine. The conditions where external sinks would prevent the stomatal diffusion involved the existence of very strong sinks at the external surfaces but yielded unrealistically high flux values. Only the possibility of a strong sink localized in the antechamber and/or pore could be of significance. Results also showed that in most instances a significant proportion of the total flux was generated by the external surfaces. For scenarios that consider strong scavenging in the mesophyll and weaker removal in the exterior, the proportion was about 60-80% for small stomatal apertures (similar to 0.5 mu m), and 10-40% for larger apertures (similar to 1.5 mu m). In these cases, however big the proportion of total flux is due to the external surfaces, the existence of sinks at the external surfaces does not prevent the diffusion through open and unoccluded stomata.
Original languageEnglish
JournalTellus. Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology
Volume60
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)381-391
Number of pages11
ISSN0280-6509
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 411 Agriculture and forestry

Cite this

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title = "Stomatal-scale modelling of the competition between ozone sinks at the air-leaf interface",
abstract = "This paper analyses the existence and relative strength of ozone (O-3) sinks at the leaf level, in particular the implications for the partition of the O-3 flux amongst the several physically, chemically and physiologically differing inner and outer surfaces of a leaf. We used a single-stomatal scale theoretical model to simulate the O-3 transfer into leaves and estimate the flux partition. The theoretical scenarios were compared with experimental values from shoot-scale measurements of O-3 flux onto Scots pine. The conditions where external sinks would prevent the stomatal diffusion involved the existence of very strong sinks at the external surfaces but yielded unrealistically high flux values. Only the possibility of a strong sink localized in the antechamber and/or pore could be of significance. Results also showed that in most instances a significant proportion of the total flux was generated by the external surfaces. For scenarios that consider strong scavenging in the mesophyll and weaker removal in the exterior, the proportion was about 60-80{\%} for small stomatal apertures (similar to 0.5 mu m), and 10-40{\%} for larger apertures (similar to 1.5 mu m). In these cases, however big the proportion of total flux is due to the external surfaces, the existence of sinks at the external surfaces does not prevent the diffusion through open and unoccluded stomata.",
keywords = "411 Agriculture and forestry",
author = "Nuria Altimir and Timo Vesala and Tuula Aalto and Jaana B{\"a}ck and Pertti Hari",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1111/j.1600-0889.2008.00344.x",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "381--391",
journal = "Tellus. Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology",
issn = "0280-6509",
publisher = "TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD",
number = "3",

}

Stomatal-scale modelling of the competition between ozone sinks at the air-leaf interface. / Altimir, Nuria; Vesala, Timo; Aalto, Tuula; Bäck, Jaana; Hari, Pertti.

In: Tellus. Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, Vol. 60, No. 3, 2008, p. 381-391.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stomatal-scale modelling of the competition between ozone sinks at the air-leaf interface

AU - Altimir, Nuria

AU - Vesala, Timo

AU - Aalto, Tuula

AU - Bäck, Jaana

AU - Hari, Pertti

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - This paper analyses the existence and relative strength of ozone (O-3) sinks at the leaf level, in particular the implications for the partition of the O-3 flux amongst the several physically, chemically and physiologically differing inner and outer surfaces of a leaf. We used a single-stomatal scale theoretical model to simulate the O-3 transfer into leaves and estimate the flux partition. The theoretical scenarios were compared with experimental values from shoot-scale measurements of O-3 flux onto Scots pine. The conditions where external sinks would prevent the stomatal diffusion involved the existence of very strong sinks at the external surfaces but yielded unrealistically high flux values. Only the possibility of a strong sink localized in the antechamber and/or pore could be of significance. Results also showed that in most instances a significant proportion of the total flux was generated by the external surfaces. For scenarios that consider strong scavenging in the mesophyll and weaker removal in the exterior, the proportion was about 60-80% for small stomatal apertures (similar to 0.5 mu m), and 10-40% for larger apertures (similar to 1.5 mu m). In these cases, however big the proportion of total flux is due to the external surfaces, the existence of sinks at the external surfaces does not prevent the diffusion through open and unoccluded stomata.

AB - This paper analyses the existence and relative strength of ozone (O-3) sinks at the leaf level, in particular the implications for the partition of the O-3 flux amongst the several physically, chemically and physiologically differing inner and outer surfaces of a leaf. We used a single-stomatal scale theoretical model to simulate the O-3 transfer into leaves and estimate the flux partition. The theoretical scenarios were compared with experimental values from shoot-scale measurements of O-3 flux onto Scots pine. The conditions where external sinks would prevent the stomatal diffusion involved the existence of very strong sinks at the external surfaces but yielded unrealistically high flux values. Only the possibility of a strong sink localized in the antechamber and/or pore could be of significance. Results also showed that in most instances a significant proportion of the total flux was generated by the external surfaces. For scenarios that consider strong scavenging in the mesophyll and weaker removal in the exterior, the proportion was about 60-80% for small stomatal apertures (similar to 0.5 mu m), and 10-40% for larger apertures (similar to 1.5 mu m). In these cases, however big the proportion of total flux is due to the external surfaces, the existence of sinks at the external surfaces does not prevent the diffusion through open and unoccluded stomata.

KW - 411 Agriculture and forestry

U2 - 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2008.00344.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2008.00344.x

M3 - Article

VL - 60

SP - 381

EP - 391

JO - Tellus. Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology

JF - Tellus. Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology

SN - 0280-6509

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ER -