Systematic Observation of an Expert Driver's Gaze Strategy—An On-Road Case Study

Otto Lappi, Paavo Rinkkala, Jami Pekkanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


In this paper we present and qualitatively analyze an expert driver’s gaze behavior in natural driving on a real road, with no specific experimental task or instruction. Previous eye tracking research on naturalistic tasks has revealed recurring patterns of gaze behavior that are surprisingly regular and repeatable. Lappi (2016) identified in the literature seven “qualitative laws of gaze behavior in the wild”: recurring patterns that tend to go together, the more so the more naturalistic the setting, all of them expected in extended sequences of fully naturalistic behavior. However, no study to date has observed all in a single experiment. Here, we wanted to do just that: present observations supporting all the “laws” in a single behavioral sequence by a single subject. We discuss the laws in terms of unresolved issues in driver modeling and open challenges for experimental and theoretical development.
Original languageEnglish
Article number620
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 6162 Cognitive science
  • Expertise
  • Driving
  • Eye movements
  • Eye tracking
  • Naturalistic tasks

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