Temperature adjectives in Finnish

Ahti Olavi Nikunlassi, Päivi Juvonen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


This paper provides a descriptive and theoretical account of Finnish temperature adjectives as a system consisting of a three-term core and a supplementary
set. The former are unrestricted with respect to a number of grammatical and semantic parameters proposed in cross-linguistic and typological studies, whereas the latter have restricted availability in temperature subdomains or express additional semantic distinctions. In metaphorical uses of the adjectives, the base of semantic extensions is argued to be the culturally grounded emotional charge of positive or negative evaluation that gives rise to thermal preferences of different kinds of emotions. Metaphorical extensions not only involve changes in the argument structure of a term, but also significant increase in the use of syntactic frames with abstract situational semantics.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Linguistics of Temperature
EditorsMaria Koptjevskaja-Tamm
Number of pages46
PublisherJohn Benjamins
Publication date2015
ISBN (Print)9789027206886
ISBN (Electronic)9789027269171
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA3 Book chapter

Publication series

NameTypological Studies in Language
PublisherJohn Benjamins Publishing Company

Fields of Science

  • 6121 Languages
  • linguistic typology
  • Lexical semantics
  • Finnish

Cite this