The advance of cultivation at its northern European limit: Process or event?

Maria Lahtinen, Markku Oinonen, Miikka Tallavaara, James Walker, Peter Rowley-Conwy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Dates for early cultivation in Finland obtained from pollen analysis and from remains from archaeological sites are compared to changes in population size derived from the summed calendar year probability distributions published by Tallavaara et al. (2010). The results from these two independent proxies correlate strongly with one another, indicating that population size and the advance of farming were closely linked with each other. Moreover, the results show that the adaptation and development of farming in this area was a complex process comprising several stages and with major differences between regions. The most intensive expansion occurred in and after the Iron Age. It is therefore more accurate describe the introduction of farming into the area as a long-lasting process rather than an event.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHolocene
Volume27
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)427-438
Number of pages12
ISSN0959-6836
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 119 Other natural sciences
  • 615 History and Archaeology
  • archaeology
  • pollen analysis
  • population dynamics
  • prehistory of Finland
  • radiocarbon dates
  • spread of farming
  • PALEOMAGNETIC SECULAR VARIATION
  • ANNUALLY LAMINATED SEDIMENTS
  • LAND-USE HISTORY
  • RADIOCARBON-DATES
  • EASTERN FINLAND
  • LAKE-SEDIMENTS
  • SW FINLAND
  • ENVIRONMENTAL-CHANGES
  • VARVE CHRONOLOGY
  • SOUTHERN FINLAND
  • 1171 Geosciences

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