Abstract

The establishment of the intestinal microbiota is critical for the digestive and immune systems. We studied the early development of the microbiota in horse, a hindgut fermenter, from birth until 7 days of age, by qPCR and 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. To evaluate initial sources of foal microbiota, we characterized dam fecal, vaginal and oral microbiotas. We utilised an amplicon sequence variant (ASV) based pipeline to maximize resolution and reproducibility. Stringent ASV filtering based on prevalence and abundance in samples and controls purged reagent contaminants while preserving intestinal taxa. The newborn rectum contained small amounts of diverse bacterial DNA, with a profile closer to mare feces and vagina than mouth. 24 hours after birth, the intestine was colonized by Firmicutes and Proteobacteria, some foals dominated by a single genus. At day 7, the phylum-level composition resembled adult feces but genera were different. The mare vaginal microbiota contributed to 24 h and 7 day microbiotas. It contained few lactobacilli, with Corynebacterium, Porphyromonas, Campylobacter and Helcococcus as the most abundant genera. In the oral mucosa, Gemella was extremely abundant. Our observations suggest that bacteria or bacterial components translocate to the equine fetus, but the intestinal microbiota changes rapidly after birth.
Original languageEnglish
Article number726109
JournalbioRxiv : the preprint server for biology
Volume726109
Number of pages23
DOIs
Publication statusSubmitted - 30 Aug 2019
MoE publication typeB1 Journal article

Fields of Science

  • 413 Veterinary science

Cite this

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title = "The composition of the perinatal intestinal microbiota in horse",
abstract = "The establishment of the intestinal microbiota is critical for the digestive and immune systems. We studied the early development of the microbiota in horse, a hindgut fermenter, from birth until 7 days of age, by qPCR and 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. To evaluate initial sources of foal microbiota, we characterized dam fecal, vaginal and oral microbiotas. We utilised an amplicon sequence variant (ASV) based pipeline to maximize resolution and reproducibility. Stringent ASV filtering based on prevalence and abundance in samples and controls purged reagent contaminants while preserving intestinal taxa. The newborn rectum contained small amounts of diverse bacterial DNA, with a profile closer to mare feces and vagina than mouth. 24 hours after birth, the intestine was colonized by Firmicutes and Proteobacteria, some foals dominated by a single genus. At day 7, the phylum-level composition resembled adult feces but genera were different. The mare vaginal microbiota contributed to 24 h and 7 day microbiotas. It contained few lactobacilli, with Corynebacterium, Porphyromonas, Campylobacter and Helcococcus as the most abundant genera. In the oral mucosa, Gemella was extremely abundant. Our observations suggest that bacteria or bacterial components translocate to the equine fetus, but the intestinal microbiota changes rapidly after birth.",
keywords = "413 Veterinary science",
author = "Aleksi Husso and Jonna Jalanka and Mohammad Alipour and Petra Huhti and Maria Kareskoski and Tiina Pessa-Morikawa and Antti Iivanainen and Mikael Niku",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1101/726109",
language = "English",
volume = "726109",
journal = "bioRxiv : the preprint server for biology",
publisher = "Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - The composition of the perinatal intestinal microbiota in horse

AU - Husso, Aleksi

AU - Jalanka, Jonna

AU - Alipour, Mohammad

AU - Huhti, Petra

AU - Kareskoski, Maria

AU - Pessa-Morikawa, Tiina

AU - Iivanainen, Antti

AU - Niku, Mikael

PY - 2019/8/30

Y1 - 2019/8/30

N2 - The establishment of the intestinal microbiota is critical for the digestive and immune systems. We studied the early development of the microbiota in horse, a hindgut fermenter, from birth until 7 days of age, by qPCR and 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. To evaluate initial sources of foal microbiota, we characterized dam fecal, vaginal and oral microbiotas. We utilised an amplicon sequence variant (ASV) based pipeline to maximize resolution and reproducibility. Stringent ASV filtering based on prevalence and abundance in samples and controls purged reagent contaminants while preserving intestinal taxa. The newborn rectum contained small amounts of diverse bacterial DNA, with a profile closer to mare feces and vagina than mouth. 24 hours after birth, the intestine was colonized by Firmicutes and Proteobacteria, some foals dominated by a single genus. At day 7, the phylum-level composition resembled adult feces but genera were different. The mare vaginal microbiota contributed to 24 h and 7 day microbiotas. It contained few lactobacilli, with Corynebacterium, Porphyromonas, Campylobacter and Helcococcus as the most abundant genera. In the oral mucosa, Gemella was extremely abundant. Our observations suggest that bacteria or bacterial components translocate to the equine fetus, but the intestinal microbiota changes rapidly after birth.

AB - The establishment of the intestinal microbiota is critical for the digestive and immune systems. We studied the early development of the microbiota in horse, a hindgut fermenter, from birth until 7 days of age, by qPCR and 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. To evaluate initial sources of foal microbiota, we characterized dam fecal, vaginal and oral microbiotas. We utilised an amplicon sequence variant (ASV) based pipeline to maximize resolution and reproducibility. Stringent ASV filtering based on prevalence and abundance in samples and controls purged reagent contaminants while preserving intestinal taxa. The newborn rectum contained small amounts of diverse bacterial DNA, with a profile closer to mare feces and vagina than mouth. 24 hours after birth, the intestine was colonized by Firmicutes and Proteobacteria, some foals dominated by a single genus. At day 7, the phylum-level composition resembled adult feces but genera were different. The mare vaginal microbiota contributed to 24 h and 7 day microbiotas. It contained few lactobacilli, with Corynebacterium, Porphyromonas, Campylobacter and Helcococcus as the most abundant genera. In the oral mucosa, Gemella was extremely abundant. Our observations suggest that bacteria or bacterial components translocate to the equine fetus, but the intestinal microbiota changes rapidly after birth.

KW - 413 Veterinary science

U2 - 10.1101/726109

DO - 10.1101/726109

M3 - Article

VL - 726109

JO - bioRxiv : the preprint server for biology

JF - bioRxiv : the preprint server for biology

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