The contribution of preschool meals to the diet of Finnish preschoolers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Preschool meals may influence the formation of children's dietary habits and health. We assessed the contribution of preschool meals to the diet of Finnish children. We used food record data from the cross-sectional DAGIS survey and selected recording days which included all three meals (breakfast, lunch, afternoon snack) at preschool. We analyzed the diet of three- to four-year-olds (n = 324) and five- to six-year-olds (n = 233). Preschool meals accounted for 54% of the weekday's energy intake in both age groups, and provided >= 60% of total fiber, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and vitamins D and E. More than 60% of fish dishes but only one third of total daily fresh fruit were consumed at preschool. The mean (SD) percentages of energy from protein and fat at preschool were 17% (3%) and 30% (7%) in the younger and 17% (3%) and 31% (6%) in the older age group, respectively. The mean proportions of energy from added sugar at preschool were below 5% in both age groups. On average, salt intake exceeded recommendations and 60% of salt came from preschool food. Tackling high salt intake should be a future goal of guidance for early childhood education and care food services.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1531
JournalNutrients
Volume11
Issue number7
Number of pages16
ISSN2072-6643
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 416 Food Science
  • preschool-aged children
  • kindergarten
  • day care center
  • catering
  • food consumption
  • dietary intake
  • CHILD-CARE CENTERS
  • NUTRIENT INTAKE
  • OVERWEIGHT
  • ADULTHOOD
  • PATTERNS
  • HOME

Cite this

@article{785045ab95444241bdda0e7f9ed97b80,
title = "The contribution of preschool meals to the diet of Finnish preschoolers",
abstract = "Preschool meals may influence the formation of children's dietary habits and health. We assessed the contribution of preschool meals to the diet of Finnish children. We used food record data from the cross-sectional DAGIS survey and selected recording days which included all three meals (breakfast, lunch, afternoon snack) at preschool. We analyzed the diet of three- to four-year-olds (n = 324) and five- to six-year-olds (n = 233). Preschool meals accounted for 54{\%} of the weekday's energy intake in both age groups, and provided >= 60{\%} of total fiber, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and vitamins D and E. More than 60{\%} of fish dishes but only one third of total daily fresh fruit were consumed at preschool. The mean (SD) percentages of energy from protein and fat at preschool were 17{\%} (3{\%}) and 30{\%} (7{\%}) in the younger and 17{\%} (3{\%}) and 31{\%} (6{\%}) in the older age group, respectively. The mean proportions of energy from added sugar at preschool were below 5{\%} in both age groups. On average, salt intake exceeded recommendations and 60{\%} of salt came from preschool food. Tackling high salt intake should be a future goal of guidance for early childhood education and care food services.",
keywords = "416 Food Science, preschool-aged children, kindergarten, day care center, catering, food consumption, dietary intake, CHILD-CARE CENTERS, NUTRIENT INTAKE, OVERWEIGHT, ADULTHOOD, PATTERNS, HOME",
author = "Liisa Korkalo and Nissinen, {Kaija M} and Essi Skaffari and Henna Veps{\"a}l{\"a}inen and Reetta Lehto and Kaukonen, {Riikka Elisa} and Leena Koivusilta and Nina Sajaniemi and Eva Roos and Maijaliisa Erkkola",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
doi = "10.3390/nu11071531",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Nutrients",
issn = "2072-6643",
publisher = "MDPI",
number = "7",

}

The contribution of preschool meals to the diet of Finnish preschoolers. / Korkalo, Liisa; Nissinen, Kaija M; Skaffari, Essi; Vepsäläinen, Henna; Lehto, Reetta; Kaukonen, Riikka Elisa; Koivusilta, Leena; Sajaniemi, Nina; Roos, Eva; Erkkola, Maijaliisa.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 11, No. 7, 1531, 07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The contribution of preschool meals to the diet of Finnish preschoolers

AU - Korkalo, Liisa

AU - Nissinen, Kaija M

AU - Skaffari, Essi

AU - Vepsäläinen, Henna

AU - Lehto, Reetta

AU - Kaukonen, Riikka Elisa

AU - Koivusilta, Leena

AU - Sajaniemi, Nina

AU - Roos, Eva

AU - Erkkola, Maijaliisa

PY - 2019/7

Y1 - 2019/7

N2 - Preschool meals may influence the formation of children's dietary habits and health. We assessed the contribution of preschool meals to the diet of Finnish children. We used food record data from the cross-sectional DAGIS survey and selected recording days which included all three meals (breakfast, lunch, afternoon snack) at preschool. We analyzed the diet of three- to four-year-olds (n = 324) and five- to six-year-olds (n = 233). Preschool meals accounted for 54% of the weekday's energy intake in both age groups, and provided >= 60% of total fiber, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and vitamins D and E. More than 60% of fish dishes but only one third of total daily fresh fruit were consumed at preschool. The mean (SD) percentages of energy from protein and fat at preschool were 17% (3%) and 30% (7%) in the younger and 17% (3%) and 31% (6%) in the older age group, respectively. The mean proportions of energy from added sugar at preschool were below 5% in both age groups. On average, salt intake exceeded recommendations and 60% of salt came from preschool food. Tackling high salt intake should be a future goal of guidance for early childhood education and care food services.

AB - Preschool meals may influence the formation of children's dietary habits and health. We assessed the contribution of preschool meals to the diet of Finnish children. We used food record data from the cross-sectional DAGIS survey and selected recording days which included all three meals (breakfast, lunch, afternoon snack) at preschool. We analyzed the diet of three- to four-year-olds (n = 324) and five- to six-year-olds (n = 233). Preschool meals accounted for 54% of the weekday's energy intake in both age groups, and provided >= 60% of total fiber, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and vitamins D and E. More than 60% of fish dishes but only one third of total daily fresh fruit were consumed at preschool. The mean (SD) percentages of energy from protein and fat at preschool were 17% (3%) and 30% (7%) in the younger and 17% (3%) and 31% (6%) in the older age group, respectively. The mean proportions of energy from added sugar at preschool were below 5% in both age groups. On average, salt intake exceeded recommendations and 60% of salt came from preschool food. Tackling high salt intake should be a future goal of guidance for early childhood education and care food services.

KW - 416 Food Science

KW - preschool-aged children

KW - kindergarten

KW - day care center

KW - catering

KW - food consumption

KW - dietary intake

KW - CHILD-CARE CENTERS

KW - NUTRIENT INTAKE

KW - OVERWEIGHT

KW - ADULTHOOD

KW - PATTERNS

KW - HOME

U2 - 10.3390/nu11071531

DO - 10.3390/nu11071531

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - Nutrients

JF - Nutrients

SN - 2072-6643

IS - 7

M1 - 1531

ER -