The development of a gender-free curiosity inventory

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    Curiosity has usually been seen as a multidimensional concept. The aim of the present study was to verify the factor structure of the 40-item trait scale developed by Olson (1986), who conceptualized exploration aroused by curiosity in terms of four distinct dimensions: Exploration of the Complex or Ambiguous, Manipulatory Exploration, Conceptual Exploration, and Perceptual Exploration. However, the reported high homogeneity of the total trait scale suggested item redundancy and overlapping subscales. There were also some doubts that at least the Manipulatory Exploration factor may be gender-related. Using hand rotation it was possible to combine both exploratory and more confirmatory factor analysis in the same analysis. The purpose of the exploratory factor analysis was to find out the gender-related items of the scale. The results showed that the scale contained only 17 reliable and unambiguous items which formed a highly correlating gender-free four-factor structure. An interpretationally meaningful second-order structure explained the intercorrelations of the first-order factors very well. The models were cross-validated using confirmatory factor analysis.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
    Volume101
    Pages (from-to)177–184
    Number of pages8
    ISSN0191-8869
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fields of Science

    • 516 Educational sciences
    • 515 Psychology

    Cite this

    @article{2304e62781c04e04a35561f6b85dedc2,
    title = "The development of a gender-free curiosity inventory",
    abstract = "Curiosity has usually been seen as a multidimensional concept. The aim of the present study was to verify the factor structure of the 40-item trait scale developed by Olson (1986), who conceptualized exploration aroused by curiosity in terms of four distinct dimensions: Exploration of the Complex or Ambiguous, Manipulatory Exploration, Conceptual Exploration, and Perceptual Exploration. However, the reported high homogeneity of the total trait scale suggested item redundancy and overlapping subscales. There were also some doubts that at least the Manipulatory Exploration factor may be gender-related. Using hand rotation it was possible to combine both exploratory and more confirmatory factor analysis in the same analysis. The purpose of the exploratory factor analysis was to find out the gender-related items of the scale. The results showed that the scale contained only 17 reliable and unambiguous items which formed a highly correlating gender-free four-factor structure. An interpretationally meaningful second-order structure explained the intercorrelations of the first-order factors very well. The models were cross-validated using confirmatory factor analysis.",
    keywords = "516 Educational sciences, EXPLORATION, Curiosity, GENDER, Exploratory Factor Analysis, 515 Psychology, Confirmatory Factor Analysis",
    author = "Reijo Byman",
    year = "2016",
    month = "10",
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    language = "English",
    volume = "101",
    pages = "177–184",
    journal = "Personality and Individual Differences",
    issn = "0191-8869",
    publisher = "Elsevier Scientific Publ. Co",

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    The development of a gender-free curiosity inventory. / Byman, Reijo.

    In: Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 101, 10.2016, p. 177–184.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The development of a gender-free curiosity inventory

    AU - Byman, Reijo

    PY - 2016/10

    Y1 - 2016/10

    N2 - Curiosity has usually been seen as a multidimensional concept. The aim of the present study was to verify the factor structure of the 40-item trait scale developed by Olson (1986), who conceptualized exploration aroused by curiosity in terms of four distinct dimensions: Exploration of the Complex or Ambiguous, Manipulatory Exploration, Conceptual Exploration, and Perceptual Exploration. However, the reported high homogeneity of the total trait scale suggested item redundancy and overlapping subscales. There were also some doubts that at least the Manipulatory Exploration factor may be gender-related. Using hand rotation it was possible to combine both exploratory and more confirmatory factor analysis in the same analysis. The purpose of the exploratory factor analysis was to find out the gender-related items of the scale. The results showed that the scale contained only 17 reliable and unambiguous items which formed a highly correlating gender-free four-factor structure. An interpretationally meaningful second-order structure explained the intercorrelations of the first-order factors very well. The models were cross-validated using confirmatory factor analysis.

    AB - Curiosity has usually been seen as a multidimensional concept. The aim of the present study was to verify the factor structure of the 40-item trait scale developed by Olson (1986), who conceptualized exploration aroused by curiosity in terms of four distinct dimensions: Exploration of the Complex or Ambiguous, Manipulatory Exploration, Conceptual Exploration, and Perceptual Exploration. However, the reported high homogeneity of the total trait scale suggested item redundancy and overlapping subscales. There were also some doubts that at least the Manipulatory Exploration factor may be gender-related. Using hand rotation it was possible to combine both exploratory and more confirmatory factor analysis in the same analysis. The purpose of the exploratory factor analysis was to find out the gender-related items of the scale. The results showed that the scale contained only 17 reliable and unambiguous items which formed a highly correlating gender-free four-factor structure. An interpretationally meaningful second-order structure explained the intercorrelations of the first-order factors very well. The models were cross-validated using confirmatory factor analysis.

    KW - 516 Educational sciences

    KW - EXPLORATION

    KW - Curiosity

    KW - GENDER

    KW - Exploratory Factor Analysis

    KW - 515 Psychology

    KW - Confirmatory Factor Analysis

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    SP - 177

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    JO - Personality and Individual Differences

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    SN - 0191-8869

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