The economic and social security of single men receiving full national pension

Research output: Book/ReportBookScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The objective of the study was to describe how single older men,
who receive full national pension and have an atypical work
history, experience their economic and social security from a life
course and a cultural norm perspective. The research material
consists of a quantitative survey on the experienced economic
and social security of men who receive full national pension, and
of five individual biographical interviews. The quantitative data
was analyzed with tabulation while the qualitative analysis rests
on a narrative-biographical framework. Even though the men
in the study (N = 40) have low incomes, only a third of them
were financially unsatisfied and less than half of them found it
difficult to get by. This relative satisfaction was explained both
by variables affecting personal income (e.g. home ownership,
free housing, financial aid from friends and relatives, and sale
of property assets) and by variables demonstrating certain
attitudes (e.g. comparing the current situation to even worse
times, downward adjustment of consumption needs, a mentality
of not complaining about little things, and valuing other things
over financial well-being). Explanations for receiving a full
national pension were working in a job that did not accumulate
an earnings-related pension and/or retiring young on a disability
pension. Despite their atypical work histories the men did not
express any feeling of deviation or shame. A work ethos and a
determination to get by on one’s own were identified in the men’s
stories, but otherwise references to the cultural norms related
to manhood were rare. Not all low-income pensioners consider
their situation as bad as could be expected. However, the level
of basic social security is so low that the people depending on it
risk not having their basic needs met. The low level of basic social
security forces some people to sell their property or to resort to
financial aid provided by their relatives or friends in order to get
by.
Translated title of the contributionThe economic and social security of single men receiving full national pension
Original languageFinnish
Place of PublicationHelsinki
PublisherKelan tutkimusosasto
Number of pages131
ISBN (Print) 978-951-669-939-7
ISBN (Electronic)978-951-669-940-3
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeC1 Scientific book

Publication series

NameSosiaali- ja terveysturvan tutkimuksia
PublisherKelan tutkimusosasto
No.130
ISSN (Print)1238-5050
ISSN (Electronic)2323-7724

Fields of Science

  • 5145 Social work
  • national pensions
  • pensioners
  • single persons
  • men
  • social security
  • basic security
  • subsistence
  • elderly people
  • course of life
  • atypical work
  • norms

Cite this

Linnanvirta, S. K. (2014). Yksin asuvien kansaneläkeläismiesten taloudellinen ja sosiaalinen turva. (Sosiaali- ja terveysturvan tutkimuksia; No. 130). Helsinki: Kelan tutkimusosasto.
Linnanvirta, Suvi Krista. / Yksin asuvien kansaneläkeläismiesten taloudellinen ja sosiaalinen turva. Helsinki : Kelan tutkimusosasto, 2014. 131 p. (Sosiaali- ja terveysturvan tutkimuksia; 130).
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abstract = "The objective of the study was to describe how single older men,who receive full national pension and have an atypical workhistory, experience their economic and social security from a lifecourse and a cultural norm perspective. The research materialconsists of a quantitative survey on the experienced economicand social security of men who receive full national pension, andof five individual biographical interviews. The quantitative datawas analyzed with tabulation while the qualitative analysis restson a narrative-biographical framework. Even though the menin the study (N = 40) have low incomes, only a third of themwere financially unsatisfied and less than half of them found itdifficult to get by. This relative satisfaction was explained bothby variables affecting personal income (e.g. home ownership,free housing, financial aid from friends and relatives, and saleof property assets) and by variables demonstrating certainattitudes (e.g. comparing the current situation to even worsetimes, downward adjustment of consumption needs, a mentalityof not complaining about little things, and valuing other thingsover financial well-being). Explanations for receiving a fullnational pension were working in a job that did not accumulatean earnings-related pension and/or retiring young on a disabilitypension. Despite their atypical work histories the men did notexpress any feeling of deviation or shame. A work ethos and adetermination to get by on one’s own were identified in the men’sstories, but otherwise references to the cultural norms relatedto manhood were rare. Not all low-income pensioners considertheir situation as bad as could be expected. However, the levelof basic social security is so low that the people depending on itrisk not having their basic needs met. The low level of basic socialsecurity forces some people to sell their property or to resort tofinancial aid provided by their relatives or friends in order to getby.",
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Linnanvirta, SK 2014, Yksin asuvien kansaneläkeläismiesten taloudellinen ja sosiaalinen turva. Sosiaali- ja terveysturvan tutkimuksia, no. 130, Kelan tutkimusosasto, Helsinki.

Yksin asuvien kansaneläkeläismiesten taloudellinen ja sosiaalinen turva. / Linnanvirta, Suvi Krista.

Helsinki : Kelan tutkimusosasto, 2014. 131 p. (Sosiaali- ja terveysturvan tutkimuksia; No. 130).

Research output: Book/ReportBookScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Yksin asuvien kansaneläkeläismiesten taloudellinen ja sosiaalinen turva

AU - Linnanvirta, Suvi Krista

PY - 2014

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N2 - The objective of the study was to describe how single older men,who receive full national pension and have an atypical workhistory, experience their economic and social security from a lifecourse and a cultural norm perspective. The research materialconsists of a quantitative survey on the experienced economicand social security of men who receive full national pension, andof five individual biographical interviews. The quantitative datawas analyzed with tabulation while the qualitative analysis restson a narrative-biographical framework. Even though the menin the study (N = 40) have low incomes, only a third of themwere financially unsatisfied and less than half of them found itdifficult to get by. This relative satisfaction was explained bothby variables affecting personal income (e.g. home ownership,free housing, financial aid from friends and relatives, and saleof property assets) and by variables demonstrating certainattitudes (e.g. comparing the current situation to even worsetimes, downward adjustment of consumption needs, a mentalityof not complaining about little things, and valuing other thingsover financial well-being). Explanations for receiving a fullnational pension were working in a job that did not accumulatean earnings-related pension and/or retiring young on a disabilitypension. Despite their atypical work histories the men did notexpress any feeling of deviation or shame. A work ethos and adetermination to get by on one’s own were identified in the men’sstories, but otherwise references to the cultural norms relatedto manhood were rare. Not all low-income pensioners considertheir situation as bad as could be expected. However, the levelof basic social security is so low that the people depending on itrisk not having their basic needs met. The low level of basic socialsecurity forces some people to sell their property or to resort tofinancial aid provided by their relatives or friends in order to getby.

AB - The objective of the study was to describe how single older men,who receive full national pension and have an atypical workhistory, experience their economic and social security from a lifecourse and a cultural norm perspective. The research materialconsists of a quantitative survey on the experienced economicand social security of men who receive full national pension, andof five individual biographical interviews. The quantitative datawas analyzed with tabulation while the qualitative analysis restson a narrative-biographical framework. Even though the menin the study (N = 40) have low incomes, only a third of themwere financially unsatisfied and less than half of them found itdifficult to get by. This relative satisfaction was explained bothby variables affecting personal income (e.g. home ownership,free housing, financial aid from friends and relatives, and saleof property assets) and by variables demonstrating certainattitudes (e.g. comparing the current situation to even worsetimes, downward adjustment of consumption needs, a mentalityof not complaining about little things, and valuing other thingsover financial well-being). Explanations for receiving a fullnational pension were working in a job that did not accumulatean earnings-related pension and/or retiring young on a disabilitypension. Despite their atypical work histories the men did notexpress any feeling of deviation or shame. A work ethos and adetermination to get by on one’s own were identified in the men’sstories, but otherwise references to the cultural norms relatedto manhood were rare. Not all low-income pensioners considertheir situation as bad as could be expected. However, the levelof basic social security is so low that the people depending on itrisk not having their basic needs met. The low level of basic socialsecurity forces some people to sell their property or to resort tofinancial aid provided by their relatives or friends in order to getby.

KW - 5145 Sosiaalityö

KW - national pensions

KW - pensioners

KW - single persons

KW - men

KW - social security

KW - basic security

KW - subsistence

KW - elderly people

KW - course of life

KW - atypical work

KW - norms

M3 - Kirja

SN - 978-951-669-939-7

T3 - Sosiaali- ja terveysturvan tutkimuksia

BT - Yksin asuvien kansaneläkeläismiesten taloudellinen ja sosiaalinen turva

PB - Kelan tutkimusosasto

CY - Helsinki

ER -

Linnanvirta SK. Yksin asuvien kansaneläkeläismiesten taloudellinen ja sosiaalinen turva. Helsinki: Kelan tutkimusosasto, 2014. 131 p. (Sosiaali- ja terveysturvan tutkimuksia; 130).