The effect of intra-articular botulinum toxin A on substance P, prostaglandin E-2, and tumor necrosis factor alpha in the canine osteoarthritic joint

Helka M. Heikkilä, Anna K. Hielm-Björkman, John F. Innes, Outi M. Laitinen-Vapaavuori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Article number74
JournalBMC Veterinary Research
Volume13
Number of pages11
ISSN1746-6148
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Mar 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • Intra-articular botulinum toxin A
  • Substance P
  • Prostaglandin E-2
  • Tumor necrosis factor alpha
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Pain
  • Dog
  • GENE-RELATED PEPTIDE
  • CRANIAL CRUCIATE LIGAMENT
  • SYNOVIAL-FLUID
  • TEMPOROMANDIBULAR-JOINT
  • NEUROPEPTIDE-Y
  • NEUROKININ-A
  • RAT BLADDER
  • KNEE-JOINT
  • PAIN
  • ARTHRITIS
  • 413 Veterinary science

Cite this

@article{ec5ab24b33e941f7aa83172c2bfa77da,
title = "The effect of intra-articular botulinum toxin A on substance P, prostaglandin E-2, and tumor necrosis factor alpha in the canine osteoarthritic joint",
keywords = "Intra-articular botulinum toxin A, Substance P, Prostaglandin E-2, Tumor necrosis factor alpha, Osteoarthritis, Pain, Dog, GENE-RELATED PEPTIDE, CRANIAL CRUCIATE LIGAMENT, SYNOVIAL-FLUID, TEMPOROMANDIBULAR-JOINT, NEUROPEPTIDE-Y, NEUROKININ-A, RAT BLADDER, KNEE-JOINT, PAIN, ARTHRITIS, 413 Veterinary science",
author = "Heikkil{\"a}, {Helka M.} and Hielm-Bj{\"o}rkman, {Anna K.} and Innes, {John F.} and Laitinen-Vapaavuori, {Outi M.}",
year = "2017",
month = "3",
day = "21",
doi = "10.1186/s12917-017-0990-y",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
journal = "BMC Veterinary Research",
issn = "1746-6148",
publisher = "BMC",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of intra-articular botulinum toxin A on substance P, prostaglandin E-2, and tumor necrosis factor alpha in the canine osteoarthritic joint

AU - Heikkilä, Helka M.

AU - Hielm-Björkman, Anna K.

AU - Innes, John F.

AU - Laitinen-Vapaavuori, Outi M.

PY - 2017/3/21

Y1 - 2017/3/21

KW - Intra-articular botulinum toxin A

KW - Substance P

KW - Prostaglandin E-2

KW - Tumor necrosis factor alpha

KW - Osteoarthritis

KW - Pain

KW - Dog

KW - GENE-RELATED PEPTIDE

KW - CRANIAL CRUCIATE LIGAMENT

KW - SYNOVIAL-FLUID

KW - TEMPOROMANDIBULAR-JOINT

KW - NEUROPEPTIDE-Y

KW - NEUROKININ-A

KW - RAT BLADDER

KW - KNEE-JOINT

KW - PAIN

KW - ARTHRITIS

KW - 413 Veterinary science

U2 - 10.1186/s12917-017-0990-y

DO - 10.1186/s12917-017-0990-y

M3 - Article

VL - 13

JO - BMC Veterinary Research

JF - BMC Veterinary Research

SN - 1746-6148

M1 - 74

ER -