The effect of occupational and workplace gender composition on sickness absence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: : To examine whether gender composition of the occupation or the workplace is associated with sickness absence, whether the gender composition accounts for the observed female excess in sickness absence, and whether gender composition explains variation in sickness absence rates between occupations and workplaces.

METHODS: : Random effects models conducted among Helsinki employees (N = 36,395).

RESULTS: : Women and men working in women-dominated occupations and workplaces had more short-term (1 to 3 days') sickness absence. Gender composition of the occupation and the workplace partly explained gender differences in short-term but not in intermediate (4 to 14 days') and long-term (>2 weeks') absence. Gender composition also explained variation in short-term sickness absence among occupations and workplaces, but this was partly accounted for by social class, income, and job contract type.

CONCLUSIONS: : The results are consistent with the assumption that short-term sickness absence reflects cultures and norms shaping sickness absence behavior.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume54
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)224-230
Number of pages7
ISSN1076-2752
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • SEX SEGREGATION
  • SWEDISH COUNTY
  • EMPLOYED WOMEN
  • WORK
  • HEALTH
  • INEQUALITIES
  • ABSENTEEISM
  • ASSOCIATION
  • LEAVE
  • 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health

Cite this

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title = "The effect of occupational and workplace gender composition on sickness absence",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: : To examine whether gender composition of the occupation or the workplace is associated with sickness absence, whether the gender composition accounts for the observed female excess in sickness absence, and whether gender composition explains variation in sickness absence rates between occupations and workplaces. METHODS: : Random effects models conducted among Helsinki employees (N = 36,395). RESULTS: : Women and men working in women-dominated occupations and workplaces had more short-term (1 to 3 days') sickness absence. Gender composition of the occupation and the workplace partly explained gender differences in short-term but not in intermediate (4 to 14 days') and long-term (>2 weeks') absence. Gender composition also explained variation in short-term sickness absence among occupations and workplaces, but this was partly accounted for by social class, income, and job contract type. CONCLUSIONS: : The results are consistent with the assumption that short-term sickness absence reflects cultures and norms shaping sickness absence behavior.",
keywords = "SEX SEGREGATION, SWEDISH COUNTY, EMPLOYED WOMEN, WORK, HEALTH, INEQUALITIES, ABSENTEEISM, ASSOCIATION, LEAVE, 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health",
author = "Mikko Laaksonen and Pekka Martikainen and Ossi Rahkonen and Eero Lahelma",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1097/JOM.0b013e318241ed42",
language = "English",
volume = "54",
pages = "224--230",
journal = "Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine",
issn = "1076-2752",
publisher = "Lippincott williams & wilkins",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of occupational and workplace gender composition on sickness absence

AU - Laaksonen, Mikko

AU - Martikainen, Pekka

AU - Rahkonen, Ossi

AU - Lahelma, Eero

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - OBJECTIVES: : To examine whether gender composition of the occupation or the workplace is associated with sickness absence, whether the gender composition accounts for the observed female excess in sickness absence, and whether gender composition explains variation in sickness absence rates between occupations and workplaces. METHODS: : Random effects models conducted among Helsinki employees (N = 36,395). RESULTS: : Women and men working in women-dominated occupations and workplaces had more short-term (1 to 3 days') sickness absence. Gender composition of the occupation and the workplace partly explained gender differences in short-term but not in intermediate (4 to 14 days') and long-term (>2 weeks') absence. Gender composition also explained variation in short-term sickness absence among occupations and workplaces, but this was partly accounted for by social class, income, and job contract type. CONCLUSIONS: : The results are consistent with the assumption that short-term sickness absence reflects cultures and norms shaping sickness absence behavior.

AB - OBJECTIVES: : To examine whether gender composition of the occupation or the workplace is associated with sickness absence, whether the gender composition accounts for the observed female excess in sickness absence, and whether gender composition explains variation in sickness absence rates between occupations and workplaces. METHODS: : Random effects models conducted among Helsinki employees (N = 36,395). RESULTS: : Women and men working in women-dominated occupations and workplaces had more short-term (1 to 3 days') sickness absence. Gender composition of the occupation and the workplace partly explained gender differences in short-term but not in intermediate (4 to 14 days') and long-term (>2 weeks') absence. Gender composition also explained variation in short-term sickness absence among occupations and workplaces, but this was partly accounted for by social class, income, and job contract type. CONCLUSIONS: : The results are consistent with the assumption that short-term sickness absence reflects cultures and norms shaping sickness absence behavior.

KW - SEX SEGREGATION

KW - SWEDISH COUNTY

KW - EMPLOYED WOMEN

KW - WORK

KW - HEALTH

KW - INEQUALITIES

KW - ABSENTEEISM

KW - ASSOCIATION

KW - LEAVE

KW - 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health

U2 - 10.1097/JOM.0b013e318241ed42

DO - 10.1097/JOM.0b013e318241ed42

M3 - Article

VL - 54

SP - 224

EP - 230

JO - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

JF - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

SN - 1076-2752

IS - 2

ER -