The First Eastern Migrations of People and Knowledge into Scandinavia: Evidence from Studies of Mesolithic Technology, 9th-8th Millennium BC

Mikkel Sörensen, Tuija Rankama, Jarmo Kankaanpää, Kjel Knutsson, Helena Knutsson, Stine Melvold, Berit Valentin Eriksen, Håkon Glörstad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


In this paper a team of Scandinavian researchers identifies and describes a Mesolithic technological concept, referred to as 'the conical core pressure blade' concept, and investigates how this concept spread into Fennoscandia and across Scandinavia. Using lithic technological, contextual archaeological and radiocarbon analyses, it is demonstrated that this blade concept arrived with 'post-Swiderian' hunter-gatherer groups from the Russian plain into northern Fennoscandia and the eastern Baltic during the 9th millennium BC. From there it was spread by migrating people and/or as transmitted knowledge through culture contacts into interior central Sweden, Norway and down along the Norwegian coast. However it was also spread into southern Scandinavia, where it was formerly identified as the Maglemosian technogroup 3 (or the 'Svaerdborg phase'). In this paper it is argued that the identification and spread of the conical core pressure blade concept represents the first migration of people, technology and ideas into Scandinavia from the south-eastern Baltic region and the Russian plain.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNorwegian Archaeological Review
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)19–56
Number of pages38
Publication statusPublished - 19 Apr 2013
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 615 History and Archaeology
  • Stone Age, Mesolithic, Palaeolithic, technology, lithic studies, methods, chaîne opératoire, pressure blade concept

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