‘The Golden Chain of Pious Rabbis’: The Origin and Development of Finnish Jewish Orthodoxy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This article provides the first historiographical analysis of the origins of Jewish Orthodoxy in Helsinki and describes the development of the rabbinate from the establishment of the congregation in the late 1850s up to the early 1980s. The origins of the Finnish Jewish community lies in the nineteenth-century Russian army. The majority of Jewish soldiers in Helsinki originated from the realm of Lithuanian Jewish (Litvak) culture, that is, mainly non-Hasidic Jewish Orthodoxy that emerged in the late eighteenth century. Initially, the Finnish Jewish religious establishment continued this Orthodox-Litvak tradition. After the independence of Finland, the Helsinki congregation hired academic, Modern Orthodox rabbis educated in Western Europe. Following the devastation of the Shoah and the Second World War, the recruitment of rabbis faced new challenges. Overall, the rabbi recruitments were in congruence with the social and cultural development of the Helsinki community, yet respected its Orthodox roots.
Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Jewish Studies
Volume30
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)8-34
Number of pages26
ISSN0348-1646
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Cite this

@article{99aa6c8d72a24998bedab107746d7b1e,
title = "‘The Golden Chain of Pious Rabbis’: The Origin and Development of Finnish Jewish Orthodoxy",
abstract = "This article provides the first historiographical analysis of the origins of Jewish Orthodoxy in Helsinki and describes the development of the rabbinate from the establishment of the congregation in the late 1850s up to the early 1980s. The origins of the Finnish Jewish community lies in the nineteenth-century Russian army. The majority of Jewish soldiers in Helsinki originated from the realm of Lithuanian Jewish (Litvak) culture, that is, mainly non-Hasidic Jewish Orthodoxy that emerged in the late eighteenth century. Initially, the Finnish Jewish religious establishment continued this Orthodox-Litvak tradition. After the independence of Finland, the Helsinki congregation hired academic, Modern Orthodox rabbis educated in Western Europe. Following the devastation of the Shoah and the Second World War, the recruitment of rabbis faced new challenges. Overall, the rabbi recruitments were in congruence with the social and cultural development of the Helsinki community, yet respected its Orthodox roots.",
author = "Simo Muir and Tuori, {Riikka Kaisa Elina}",
year = "2019",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.30752/nj.77253",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "8--34",
journal = "Nordisk judaistik",
issn = "0348-1646",
publisher = "DONNER INST RESEARCH RELIGIOUS & CULTURAL HISTORY",
number = "1",

}

‘The Golden Chain of Pious Rabbis’ : The Origin and Development of Finnish Jewish Orthodoxy. / Muir, Simo; Tuori, Riikka Kaisa Elina.

In: Scandinavian Jewish Studies, Vol. 30, No. 1, 2019, p. 8-34.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - ‘The Golden Chain of Pious Rabbis’

T2 - The Origin and Development of Finnish Jewish Orthodoxy

AU - Muir, Simo

AU - Tuori, Riikka Kaisa Elina

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - This article provides the first historiographical analysis of the origins of Jewish Orthodoxy in Helsinki and describes the development of the rabbinate from the establishment of the congregation in the late 1850s up to the early 1980s. The origins of the Finnish Jewish community lies in the nineteenth-century Russian army. The majority of Jewish soldiers in Helsinki originated from the realm of Lithuanian Jewish (Litvak) culture, that is, mainly non-Hasidic Jewish Orthodoxy that emerged in the late eighteenth century. Initially, the Finnish Jewish religious establishment continued this Orthodox-Litvak tradition. After the independence of Finland, the Helsinki congregation hired academic, Modern Orthodox rabbis educated in Western Europe. Following the devastation of the Shoah and the Second World War, the recruitment of rabbis faced new challenges. Overall, the rabbi recruitments were in congruence with the social and cultural development of the Helsinki community, yet respected its Orthodox roots.

AB - This article provides the first historiographical analysis of the origins of Jewish Orthodoxy in Helsinki and describes the development of the rabbinate from the establishment of the congregation in the late 1850s up to the early 1980s. The origins of the Finnish Jewish community lies in the nineteenth-century Russian army. The majority of Jewish soldiers in Helsinki originated from the realm of Lithuanian Jewish (Litvak) culture, that is, mainly non-Hasidic Jewish Orthodoxy that emerged in the late eighteenth century. Initially, the Finnish Jewish religious establishment continued this Orthodox-Litvak tradition. After the independence of Finland, the Helsinki congregation hired academic, Modern Orthodox rabbis educated in Western Europe. Following the devastation of the Shoah and the Second World War, the recruitment of rabbis faced new challenges. Overall, the rabbi recruitments were in congruence with the social and cultural development of the Helsinki community, yet respected its Orthodox roots.

UR - https://journal.fi/nj/article/view/77253

U2 - https://doi.org/10.30752/nj.77253

DO - https://doi.org/10.30752/nj.77253

M3 - Article

VL - 30

SP - 8

EP - 34

JO - Nordisk judaistik

JF - Nordisk judaistik

SN - 0348-1646

IS - 1

ER -