The interaction between concrete pavement and corrosion-induced copper runoff from buildings

B Bahar, G Herting, I Odnevall Wallinder, Kaisa Hakkila, C Leygraf, Marko Virta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Changes in chemical speciation of copper and the capacity of concrete pavement to retain copper in runoff water from external buildings have been investigated at urban field conditions, and in parallel laboratory experiments simulating outdoor scenarios. The research study showed the concrete surface to form a copper rich surface layer (approximate to 50 mu m thick) upon exposure, and a high capacity to significantly reduce the bioavailable fraction of released copper (20-95%). The retention capacity of copper varied between 5 and 20% during single runoff events in the laboratory, and between 10 and 40% of the total copper release during single natural runoff events. The capacity to retain and reduce the bioavailable fraction of non-retained copper increased with increasing wetness of the concrete surfaces, increasing pH of the runoff water and decreasing flow rates. Bioassay testing with bacterial and yeast bioreporters showed the bioavailable fraction of non-retained copper to be significantly lower than the total copper concentration in the runoff water, between 22 and 40% for bacteria and between 8 and 31% for yeast. The application of generated data to simulate a fictive outdoor scenario, suggests a significant reduction of bioavailable and total copper to background values during environmental entry as a result of dilution, and the interaction with solid surfaces, organic matter and complexing agents already in the drainage system.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
Volume140
Issue number1/3
Pages (from-to)175-189
Number of pages15
ISSN0167-6369
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 219 Environmental biotechnology

Cite this

Bahar, B ; Herting, G ; Odnevall Wallinder, I ; Hakkila, Kaisa ; Leygraf, C ; Virta, Marko. / The interaction between concrete pavement and corrosion-induced copper runoff from buildings. In: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 2008 ; Vol. 140, No. 1/3. pp. 175-189.
@article{d66b381dc16d40258a0e80d2ad8fb834,
title = "The interaction between concrete pavement and corrosion-induced copper runoff from buildings",
abstract = "Changes in chemical speciation of copper and the capacity of concrete pavement to retain copper in runoff water from external buildings have been investigated at urban field conditions, and in parallel laboratory experiments simulating outdoor scenarios. The research study showed the concrete surface to form a copper rich surface layer (approximate to 50 mu m thick) upon exposure, and a high capacity to significantly reduce the bioavailable fraction of released copper (20-95{\%}). The retention capacity of copper varied between 5 and 20{\%} during single runoff events in the laboratory, and between 10 and 40{\%} of the total copper release during single natural runoff events. The capacity to retain and reduce the bioavailable fraction of non-retained copper increased with increasing wetness of the concrete surfaces, increasing pH of the runoff water and decreasing flow rates. Bioassay testing with bacterial and yeast bioreporters showed the bioavailable fraction of non-retained copper to be significantly lower than the total copper concentration in the runoff water, between 22 and 40{\%} for bacteria and between 8 and 31{\%} for yeast. The application of generated data to simulate a fictive outdoor scenario, suggests a significant reduction of bioavailable and total copper to background values during environmental entry as a result of dilution, and the interaction with solid surfaces, organic matter and complexing agents already in the drainage system.",
keywords = "219 Environmental biotechnology",
author = "B Bahar and G Herting and {Odnevall Wallinder}, I and Kaisa Hakkila and C Leygraf and Marko Virta",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1007/s10661-007-9858-0",
language = "English",
volume = "140",
pages = "175--189",
journal = "Environmental Monitoring and Assessment",
issn = "0167-6369",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "1/3",

}

The interaction between concrete pavement and corrosion-induced copper runoff from buildings. / Bahar, B; Herting, G; Odnevall Wallinder, I; Hakkila, Kaisa; Leygraf, C; Virta, Marko.

In: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 140, No. 1/3, 2008, p. 175-189.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The interaction between concrete pavement and corrosion-induced copper runoff from buildings

AU - Bahar, B

AU - Herting, G

AU - Odnevall Wallinder, I

AU - Hakkila, Kaisa

AU - Leygraf, C

AU - Virta, Marko

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Changes in chemical speciation of copper and the capacity of concrete pavement to retain copper in runoff water from external buildings have been investigated at urban field conditions, and in parallel laboratory experiments simulating outdoor scenarios. The research study showed the concrete surface to form a copper rich surface layer (approximate to 50 mu m thick) upon exposure, and a high capacity to significantly reduce the bioavailable fraction of released copper (20-95%). The retention capacity of copper varied between 5 and 20% during single runoff events in the laboratory, and between 10 and 40% of the total copper release during single natural runoff events. The capacity to retain and reduce the bioavailable fraction of non-retained copper increased with increasing wetness of the concrete surfaces, increasing pH of the runoff water and decreasing flow rates. Bioassay testing with bacterial and yeast bioreporters showed the bioavailable fraction of non-retained copper to be significantly lower than the total copper concentration in the runoff water, between 22 and 40% for bacteria and between 8 and 31% for yeast. The application of generated data to simulate a fictive outdoor scenario, suggests a significant reduction of bioavailable and total copper to background values during environmental entry as a result of dilution, and the interaction with solid surfaces, organic matter and complexing agents already in the drainage system.

AB - Changes in chemical speciation of copper and the capacity of concrete pavement to retain copper in runoff water from external buildings have been investigated at urban field conditions, and in parallel laboratory experiments simulating outdoor scenarios. The research study showed the concrete surface to form a copper rich surface layer (approximate to 50 mu m thick) upon exposure, and a high capacity to significantly reduce the bioavailable fraction of released copper (20-95%). The retention capacity of copper varied between 5 and 20% during single runoff events in the laboratory, and between 10 and 40% of the total copper release during single natural runoff events. The capacity to retain and reduce the bioavailable fraction of non-retained copper increased with increasing wetness of the concrete surfaces, increasing pH of the runoff water and decreasing flow rates. Bioassay testing with bacterial and yeast bioreporters showed the bioavailable fraction of non-retained copper to be significantly lower than the total copper concentration in the runoff water, between 22 and 40% for bacteria and between 8 and 31% for yeast. The application of generated data to simulate a fictive outdoor scenario, suggests a significant reduction of bioavailable and total copper to background values during environmental entry as a result of dilution, and the interaction with solid surfaces, organic matter and complexing agents already in the drainage system.

KW - 219 Environmental biotechnology

U2 - 10.1007/s10661-007-9858-0

DO - 10.1007/s10661-007-9858-0

M3 - Article

VL - 140

SP - 175

EP - 189

JO - Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

JF - Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

SN - 0167-6369

IS - 1/3

ER -