The Philosophy and Epistemology of Simulation: A Review

Till Grune-Yanoff, Paul Weirich

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review


The philosophical literature on simulations has increased dramatically during the past 40 years. Many of its main topics are epistemological. For example, philosophers consider how the results of simulations help explain natural phenomena. This essay’s review treats mainly simulations in the social sciences. It considers the nature of simulations, the varieties of simulation, and uses of simulations for representation, prediction, explanation, and policy decisions. Being oriented toward philosophy of science, it compares simulations to models and experiments and considers whether simulations raise new methodological issues.The essay concludes that several features of simulations set them apart from models and experiments and make them novel scientific tools, whose powers and limits are not yet well understood.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSimulation & Gaming
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)20-50
Number of pages31
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

Fields of Science

  • 611 Philosophy

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