The Reading Process of Dynamic Text – A Linguistic Approach to an Eye Movement Study

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Abstract

Using eye-movement analysis, the article examines the reading process of speech-totext interpretation involving dynamic text emerging letter by letter on the screen. The article focuses on regressions of gaze as well as on their relationship to linguistic factors in order to reveal how the reader’s gaze behaviour reflects the reading process of dynamic text. The data come from an experiment where participants read a dynamic text on a computer screen. The results showed that the first and second landing points of regressions were generally (90.8%) content words, even though the proportion of content words in the whole data set was only 57.1%. The test subjects looked for nouns, verbs and adjectives in order to construct the meaning of what they had just read. Nouns
were the most likely landing points of regressions. The landing points of regressions reflected the reading process through which the meaning of the text was constructed. In this kind of dynamic text, a typical cause of regressions seems to be incoherence resulting from omissions.
Translated title of the contributionLiikkuvan tekstin lukuprosessi - Kielitieteellinen lähestymistapa silmänliiketutkimukseen
Original languageEnglish
JournalSKY Journal of Linguistics
Volume29
Pages (from-to)119-146
Number of pages28
ISSN1456-8438
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 6121 Languages
  • reading
  • dynamic text
  • speech-to-text interpreting
  • regressions of gaze
  • eye movements
  • gaze behaviour
  • discourse processing
  • lexical hierarchy

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