The second ACTRIS inter-comparison (2016) for Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitors (ACSM): Calibration protocols and instrument performance evaluations

Evelyn Freney, Yunjiang Zhang, Philip Croteau, Tanguy Amodeo, Leah Williams, François Truong, Jean-Eudes Petit, Jean Sciare, Roland Sarda-Esteve, Nicolas Bonnaire, Tarvo Arumae, Minna Aurela, Aikaterini Bougiatioti, Nikolaos Mihalopoulos, Esther Coz, Begoña Artinano, Vincent Crenn, Thomas Elste, Liine Heikkinen, Laurent PoulainAlfred Wiedensohler, Hartmut Herrmann, Max Priestman, Andres Alastuey, Iasonas Stavroulas, Anna Tobler, Jeni Vasilescu, Nicola Zanca, Manjula Canagaratna, Claudio Carbone, Harald Flentje, Max Priestman, Marek Maasikmets, Luminita Marmureanu, Maria Cruz Minguillon, Andre S. H. Prevot, Valerie Gros, John Jayne, Olivier Favez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

AbstractThis work describes results obtained from the 2016 Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor (ACSM) intercomparison exercise performed at the Aerosol Chemical Monitor Calibration Center (ACMCC, France). Fifteen quadrupole ACSMs (Q_ACSM) from the European Research Infrastructure for the observation of Aerosols, Clouds and Trace gases (ACTRIS) network were calibrated using a new procedure that acquires calibration data under the same operating conditions as those used during sampling and hence gets information representative of instrument performance. The new calibration procedure notably resulted in a decrease in the spread of the measured sulfate mass concentrations, improving the reproducibility of inorganic species measurements between ACSMs as well as the consistency with co-located independent instruments. Tested calibration procedures also allowed for the investigation of artifacts in individual instruments, such as the overestimation of m/z 44 from organic aerosol. This effect was quantified by the m/z (mass-to-charge) 44 to nitrate ratio measured during ammonium nitrate calibrations, with values ranging from 0.03 to 0.26, showing that it can be significant for some instruments. The fragmentation table correction previously proposed to account for this artifact was applied to the measurements acquired during this study. For some instruments (those with high artifacts), this fragmentation table adjustment led to an ?overcorrection? of the f44 (m/z 44/Org) signal. This correction based on measurements made with pure NH4NO3, assumes that the magnitude of the artifact is independent of chemical composition. Using data acquired at different NH4NO3 mixing ratios (from solutions of NH4NO3 and (NH4)2SO4) we observe that the magnitude of the artifact varies as a function of composition. Here we applied an updated correction, dependent on the ambient NO3 mass fraction, which resulted in an improved agreement in organic signal among instruments. This work illustrates the benefits of integrating new calibration procedures and artifact corrections, but also highlights the benefits of these intercomparison exercises to continue to improve our knowledge of how these instruments operate, and assist us in interpreting atmospheric chemistry.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAerosol Science and Technology
Volume53
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)830-842
Number of pages13
ISSN0278-6826
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 114 Physical sciences
  • 116 Chemical sciences

Cite this

Freney, Evelyn ; Zhang, Yunjiang ; Croteau, Philip ; Amodeo, Tanguy ; Williams, Leah ; Truong, François ; Petit, Jean-Eudes ; Sciare, Jean ; Sarda-Esteve, Roland ; Bonnaire, Nicolas ; Arumae, Tarvo ; Aurela, Minna ; Bougiatioti, Aikaterini ; Mihalopoulos, Nikolaos ; Coz, Esther ; Artinano, Begoña ; Crenn, Vincent ; Elste, Thomas ; Heikkinen, Liine ; Poulain, Laurent ; Wiedensohler, Alfred ; Herrmann, Hartmut ; Priestman, Max ; Alastuey, Andres ; Stavroulas, Iasonas ; Tobler, Anna ; Vasilescu, Jeni ; Zanca, Nicola ; Canagaratna, Manjula ; Carbone, Claudio ; Flentje, Harald ; Priestman, Max ; Maasikmets, Marek ; Marmureanu, Luminita ; Minguillon, Maria Cruz ; Prevot, Andre S. H. ; Gros, Valerie ; Jayne, John ; Favez, Olivier. / The second ACTRIS inter-comparison (2016) for Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitors (ACSM) : Calibration protocols and instrument performance evaluations. In: Aerosol Science and Technology. 2019 ; Vol. 53, No. 7. pp. 830-842.
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abstract = "AbstractThis work describes results obtained from the 2016 Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor (ACSM) intercomparison exercise performed at the Aerosol Chemical Monitor Calibration Center (ACMCC, France). Fifteen quadrupole ACSMs (Q_ACSM) from the European Research Infrastructure for the observation of Aerosols, Clouds and Trace gases (ACTRIS) network were calibrated using a new procedure that acquires calibration data under the same operating conditions as those used during sampling and hence gets information representative of instrument performance. The new calibration procedure notably resulted in a decrease in the spread of the measured sulfate mass concentrations, improving the reproducibility of inorganic species measurements between ACSMs as well as the consistency with co-located independent instruments. Tested calibration procedures also allowed for the investigation of artifacts in individual instruments, such as the overestimation of m/z 44 from organic aerosol. This effect was quantified by the m/z (mass-to-charge) 44 to nitrate ratio measured during ammonium nitrate calibrations, with values ranging from 0.03 to 0.26, showing that it can be significant for some instruments. The fragmentation table correction previously proposed to account for this artifact was applied to the measurements acquired during this study. For some instruments (those with high artifacts), this fragmentation table adjustment led to an ?overcorrection? of the f44 (m/z 44/Org) signal. This correction based on measurements made with pure NH4NO3, assumes that the magnitude of the artifact is independent of chemical composition. Using data acquired at different NH4NO3 mixing ratios (from solutions of NH4NO3 and (NH4)2SO4) we observe that the magnitude of the artifact varies as a function of composition. Here we applied an updated correction, dependent on the ambient NO3 mass fraction, which resulted in an improved agreement in organic signal among instruments. This work illustrates the benefits of integrating new calibration procedures and artifact corrections, but also highlights the benefits of these intercomparison exercises to continue to improve our knowledge of how these instruments operate, and assist us in interpreting atmospheric chemistry.",
keywords = "114 Physical sciences, 116 Chemical sciences",
author = "Evelyn Freney and Yunjiang Zhang and Philip Croteau and Tanguy Amodeo and Leah Williams and Fran{\cc}ois Truong and Jean-Eudes Petit and Jean Sciare and Roland Sarda-Esteve and Nicolas Bonnaire and Tarvo Arumae and Minna Aurela and Aikaterini Bougiatioti and Nikolaos Mihalopoulos and Esther Coz and Bego{\~n}a Artinano and Vincent Crenn and Thomas Elste and Liine Heikkinen and Laurent Poulain and Alfred Wiedensohler and Hartmut Herrmann and Max Priestman and Andres Alastuey and Iasonas Stavroulas and Anna Tobler and Jeni Vasilescu and Nicola Zanca and Manjula Canagaratna and Claudio Carbone and Harald Flentje and Max Priestman and Marek Maasikmets and Luminita Marmureanu and Minguillon, {Maria Cruz} and Prevot, {Andre S. H.} and Valerie Gros and John Jayne and Olivier Favez",
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doi = "10.1080/02786826.2019.1608901",
language = "English",
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Freney, E, Zhang, Y, Croteau, P, Amodeo, T, Williams, L, Truong, F, Petit, J-E, Sciare, J, Sarda-Esteve, R, Bonnaire, N, Arumae, T, Aurela, M, Bougiatioti, A, Mihalopoulos, N, Coz, E, Artinano, B, Crenn, V, Elste, T, Heikkinen, L, Poulain, L, Wiedensohler, A, Herrmann, H, Priestman, M, Alastuey, A, Stavroulas, I, Tobler, A, Vasilescu, J, Zanca, N, Canagaratna, M, Carbone, C, Flentje, H, Priestman, M, Maasikmets, M, Marmureanu, L, Minguillon, MC, Prevot, ASH, Gros, V, Jayne, J & Favez, O 2019, 'The second ACTRIS inter-comparison (2016) for Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitors (ACSM): Calibration protocols and instrument performance evaluations', Aerosol Science and Technology, vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 830-842. https://doi.org/10.1080/02786826.2019.1608901

The second ACTRIS inter-comparison (2016) for Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitors (ACSM) : Calibration protocols and instrument performance evaluations. / Freney, Evelyn; Zhang, Yunjiang; Croteau, Philip; Amodeo, Tanguy; Williams, Leah; Truong, François; Petit, Jean-Eudes; Sciare, Jean; Sarda-Esteve, Roland; Bonnaire, Nicolas; Arumae, Tarvo; Aurela, Minna; Bougiatioti, Aikaterini; Mihalopoulos, Nikolaos; Coz, Esther; Artinano, Begoña; Crenn, Vincent; Elste, Thomas; Heikkinen, Liine; Poulain, Laurent; Wiedensohler, Alfred; Herrmann, Hartmut; Priestman, Max; Alastuey, Andres; Stavroulas, Iasonas; Tobler, Anna; Vasilescu, Jeni; Zanca, Nicola; Canagaratna, Manjula; Carbone, Claudio; Flentje, Harald; Priestman, Max; Maasikmets, Marek; Marmureanu, Luminita; Minguillon, Maria Cruz; Prevot, Andre S. H.; Gros, Valerie; Jayne, John; Favez, Olivier.

In: Aerosol Science and Technology, Vol. 53, No. 7, 21.05.2019, p. 830-842.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The second ACTRIS inter-comparison (2016) for Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitors (ACSM)

T2 - Calibration protocols and instrument performance evaluations

AU - Freney, Evelyn

AU - Zhang, Yunjiang

AU - Croteau, Philip

AU - Amodeo, Tanguy

AU - Williams, Leah

AU - Truong, François

AU - Petit, Jean-Eudes

AU - Sciare, Jean

AU - Sarda-Esteve, Roland

AU - Bonnaire, Nicolas

AU - Arumae, Tarvo

AU - Aurela, Minna

AU - Bougiatioti, Aikaterini

AU - Mihalopoulos, Nikolaos

AU - Coz, Esther

AU - Artinano, Begoña

AU - Crenn, Vincent

AU - Elste, Thomas

AU - Heikkinen, Liine

AU - Poulain, Laurent

AU - Wiedensohler, Alfred

AU - Herrmann, Hartmut

AU - Priestman, Max

AU - Alastuey, Andres

AU - Stavroulas, Iasonas

AU - Tobler, Anna

AU - Vasilescu, Jeni

AU - Zanca, Nicola

AU - Canagaratna, Manjula

AU - Carbone, Claudio

AU - Flentje, Harald

AU - Priestman, Max

AU - Maasikmets, Marek

AU - Marmureanu, Luminita

AU - Minguillon, Maria Cruz

AU - Prevot, Andre S. H.

AU - Gros, Valerie

AU - Jayne, John

AU - Favez, Olivier

PY - 2019/5/21

Y1 - 2019/5/21

N2 - AbstractThis work describes results obtained from the 2016 Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor (ACSM) intercomparison exercise performed at the Aerosol Chemical Monitor Calibration Center (ACMCC, France). Fifteen quadrupole ACSMs (Q_ACSM) from the European Research Infrastructure for the observation of Aerosols, Clouds and Trace gases (ACTRIS) network were calibrated using a new procedure that acquires calibration data under the same operating conditions as those used during sampling and hence gets information representative of instrument performance. The new calibration procedure notably resulted in a decrease in the spread of the measured sulfate mass concentrations, improving the reproducibility of inorganic species measurements between ACSMs as well as the consistency with co-located independent instruments. Tested calibration procedures also allowed for the investigation of artifacts in individual instruments, such as the overestimation of m/z 44 from organic aerosol. This effect was quantified by the m/z (mass-to-charge) 44 to nitrate ratio measured during ammonium nitrate calibrations, with values ranging from 0.03 to 0.26, showing that it can be significant for some instruments. The fragmentation table correction previously proposed to account for this artifact was applied to the measurements acquired during this study. For some instruments (those with high artifacts), this fragmentation table adjustment led to an ?overcorrection? of the f44 (m/z 44/Org) signal. This correction based on measurements made with pure NH4NO3, assumes that the magnitude of the artifact is independent of chemical composition. Using data acquired at different NH4NO3 mixing ratios (from solutions of NH4NO3 and (NH4)2SO4) we observe that the magnitude of the artifact varies as a function of composition. Here we applied an updated correction, dependent on the ambient NO3 mass fraction, which resulted in an improved agreement in organic signal among instruments. This work illustrates the benefits of integrating new calibration procedures and artifact corrections, but also highlights the benefits of these intercomparison exercises to continue to improve our knowledge of how these instruments operate, and assist us in interpreting atmospheric chemistry.

AB - AbstractThis work describes results obtained from the 2016 Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor (ACSM) intercomparison exercise performed at the Aerosol Chemical Monitor Calibration Center (ACMCC, France). Fifteen quadrupole ACSMs (Q_ACSM) from the European Research Infrastructure for the observation of Aerosols, Clouds and Trace gases (ACTRIS) network were calibrated using a new procedure that acquires calibration data under the same operating conditions as those used during sampling and hence gets information representative of instrument performance. The new calibration procedure notably resulted in a decrease in the spread of the measured sulfate mass concentrations, improving the reproducibility of inorganic species measurements between ACSMs as well as the consistency with co-located independent instruments. Tested calibration procedures also allowed for the investigation of artifacts in individual instruments, such as the overestimation of m/z 44 from organic aerosol. This effect was quantified by the m/z (mass-to-charge) 44 to nitrate ratio measured during ammonium nitrate calibrations, with values ranging from 0.03 to 0.26, showing that it can be significant for some instruments. The fragmentation table correction previously proposed to account for this artifact was applied to the measurements acquired during this study. For some instruments (those with high artifacts), this fragmentation table adjustment led to an ?overcorrection? of the f44 (m/z 44/Org) signal. This correction based on measurements made with pure NH4NO3, assumes that the magnitude of the artifact is independent of chemical composition. Using data acquired at different NH4NO3 mixing ratios (from solutions of NH4NO3 and (NH4)2SO4) we observe that the magnitude of the artifact varies as a function of composition. Here we applied an updated correction, dependent on the ambient NO3 mass fraction, which resulted in an improved agreement in organic signal among instruments. This work illustrates the benefits of integrating new calibration procedures and artifact corrections, but also highlights the benefits of these intercomparison exercises to continue to improve our knowledge of how these instruments operate, and assist us in interpreting atmospheric chemistry.

KW - 114 Physical sciences

KW - 116 Chemical sciences

U2 - 10.1080/02786826.2019.1608901

DO - 10.1080/02786826.2019.1608901

M3 - Article

VL - 53

SP - 830

EP - 842

JO - Aerosol Science and Technology

JF - Aerosol Science and Technology

SN - 0278-6826

IS - 7

ER -