Turning Ideas into Proposals: A Case for Blended Participation During the Participatory Budgeting Trial in Helsinki

Titiana-Petra Ertiö, Pekka Tuominen, Mikko Rask

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Balancing between online-offline stages of participatory procedures is a delicate art that may support or hinder the success of participatory democracy. Participatory budgeting (PB), in particular, is generally rooted in online platforms, but as our case study on the City of Helsinki PB trial suggests, face-to-face events are necessary to engage targeted and often less resourceful actors in the process. Based on a longer-term participant observation, covering the PB process from its early to ideation phase to the current stage of proposal development for the final vote, we argue that the process has thus far been successful in blending online-offline components, largely supported by the active support of borough liaisons who have served as navigators between the different stages. From the point of view of co-creation, different stages of the PB process (ideation, co-creation) call for different strategies of online-offline participation. Effective mobilization of marginalized actors and interactions between public servants and citizens seem to benefit from face-to-face processes, while city-wide voting and discussion can effectively occur in the online platform.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationElectronic Participation : ePart 2019
EditorsP. Panagiotopoulos
Number of pages11
Place of PublicationCham
Publication date26 Jul 2019
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-27396-5
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-27397-2
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2019
MoE publication typeA4 Article in conference proceedings
Event11th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference: ePart 2019 - San Benedetto Del Tronto, Italy
Duration: 2 Sep 20194 Sep 2019

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science

Fields of Science

  • 511 Economics
  • 517 Political science
  • 113 Computer and information sciences

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