Urban Form in the Helsinki and Stockholm City Regions

Development of Pedestrian, Public Transport and Car Zones

Panu Söderström, Harry Schulman, Mika Ristimäki

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned reportProfessional

Abstract

The study focuses on differences and similarities of land use patterns, regional and urban structures and traffic systems in the Helsinki and Stockholm city regions. The viewpoint of the study is connected to the theory of three urban fabrics (walking city, transit city, car city). The fabrics differ from each other in terms of their physical structure and the travel alternatives they offer. In the GIS analyses, the studied metropolitan regions are divided into urban, peri-urban and rural areas, which are further classified into travel-related zones (pedestrian, transit and caroriented). Statistical data about the amounts and densities of population and workplaces can thus be compared in a rather detailed spatial level between different parts of the metropolitan areas. Finnish city regions have been studied using the travel related zone model quite widely. However it has not been possible to compare Helsinki region to any other city region in Finland, because Helsinki region is the only international level metropolitan area in the country. In this report the zone analyses is extended to a comparison of two Nordic capital regions. The results of the study indicate that Stockholm has managed to channel the growth of the metropolitan area more inwards, densifying the inner areas of the city region. In the Helsinki region the growth has turned from the peri-urban areas to the core areas notably later, but since 2008 the growth of the core areas has been dominant also in Helsinki.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationHelsinki
PublisherFinnish Environment Institute (SYKE)
Number of pages72
ISBN (Electronic)978-952-11-4494-3
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

NameReports of the Finnish Environment Institute
PublisherFinnish Environment Institute
No.16
Volume2015
ISSN (Electronic)1796-1726

Fields of Science

  • 519 Social and economic geography

Cite this

Söderström, P., Schulman, H., & Ristimäki, M. (2015). Urban Form in the Helsinki and Stockholm City Regions: Development of Pedestrian, Public Transport and Car Zones. (Reports of the Finnish Environment Institute; Vol. 2015, No. 16). Helsinki: Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE).
Söderström, Panu ; Schulman, Harry ; Ristimäki, Mika. / Urban Form in the Helsinki and Stockholm City Regions : Development of Pedestrian, Public Transport and Car Zones. Helsinki : Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), 2015. 72 p. (Reports of the Finnish Environment Institute; 16).
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Söderström, P, Schulman, H & Ristimäki, M 2015, Urban Form in the Helsinki and Stockholm City Regions: Development of Pedestrian, Public Transport and Car Zones. Reports of the Finnish Environment Institute, no. 16, vol. 2015, Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), Helsinki.

Urban Form in the Helsinki and Stockholm City Regions : Development of Pedestrian, Public Transport and Car Zones. / Söderström, Panu; Schulman, Harry; Ristimäki, Mika.

Helsinki : Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), 2015. 72 p. (Reports of the Finnish Environment Institute; Vol. 2015, No. 16).

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned reportProfessional

TY - BOOK

T1 - Urban Form in the Helsinki and Stockholm City Regions

T2 - Development of Pedestrian, Public Transport and Car Zones

AU - Söderström, Panu

AU - Schulman, Harry

AU - Ristimäki, Mika

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The study focuses on differences and similarities of land use patterns, regional and urban structures and traffic systems in the Helsinki and Stockholm city regions. The viewpoint of the study is connected to the theory of three urban fabrics (walking city, transit city, car city). The fabrics differ from each other in terms of their physical structure and the travel alternatives they offer. In the GIS analyses, the studied metropolitan regions are divided into urban, peri-urban and rural areas, which are further classified into travel-related zones (pedestrian, transit and caroriented). Statistical data about the amounts and densities of population and workplaces can thus be compared in a rather detailed spatial level between different parts of the metropolitan areas. Finnish city regions have been studied using the travel related zone model quite widely. However it has not been possible to compare Helsinki region to any other city region in Finland, because Helsinki region is the only international level metropolitan area in the country. In this report the zone analyses is extended to a comparison of two Nordic capital regions. The results of the study indicate that Stockholm has managed to channel the growth of the metropolitan area more inwards, densifying the inner areas of the city region. In the Helsinki region the growth has turned from the peri-urban areas to the core areas notably later, but since 2008 the growth of the core areas has been dominant also in Helsinki.

AB - The study focuses on differences and similarities of land use patterns, regional and urban structures and traffic systems in the Helsinki and Stockholm city regions. The viewpoint of the study is connected to the theory of three urban fabrics (walking city, transit city, car city). The fabrics differ from each other in terms of their physical structure and the travel alternatives they offer. In the GIS analyses, the studied metropolitan regions are divided into urban, peri-urban and rural areas, which are further classified into travel-related zones (pedestrian, transit and caroriented). Statistical data about the amounts and densities of population and workplaces can thus be compared in a rather detailed spatial level between different parts of the metropolitan areas. Finnish city regions have been studied using the travel related zone model quite widely. However it has not been possible to compare Helsinki region to any other city region in Finland, because Helsinki region is the only international level metropolitan area in the country. In this report the zone analyses is extended to a comparison of two Nordic capital regions. The results of the study indicate that Stockholm has managed to channel the growth of the metropolitan area more inwards, densifying the inner areas of the city region. In the Helsinki region the growth has turned from the peri-urban areas to the core areas notably later, but since 2008 the growth of the core areas has been dominant also in Helsinki.

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Söderström P, Schulman H, Ristimäki M. Urban Form in the Helsinki and Stockholm City Regions: Development of Pedestrian, Public Transport and Car Zones. Helsinki: Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), 2015. 72 p. (Reports of the Finnish Environment Institute; 16).