Several viruses cause postinfectious arthritis. The disease is a typical manifestation of arthritogenic alphaviruses, rubella virus and human parvovirus B19. In addition, arthritis is not uncommon after infection by HIV, cytomegalovirus, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, or Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Also prolonged arthritis may result from viral infections, particularly with alphaviruses and human parvovirus B19. Viruses such as EBV and B 19 may have significant roles in initiating chronic arthropathies, which in some cases may be indistinguishable from rheumatoid arthritis.
|Journal||Best Practice & Research: Clinical Rheumatology|
|Number of pages||19|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|
|MoE publication type||A2 Review article in a scientific journal|