Voluntary non-monetary approaches for implementing conservation

Andrea Santangeli, Beatriz Arroyo, Lynn V. Dicks, Iryna Herzon, Aija Sonja Sarita Kukkala, William J. Sutherland, Atte Jaakko Moilanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The voluntary non-monetary approach to conservation refers to actions that citizens or organizations could voluntarily implement in their area of influence without the incentive of monetary compensations. To be effectively implemented by untrained actors, actions should be clearly defined, straightforward to implement and not require specific scientific knowledge. The costs of actions should also be sufficiently affordable to be widely applied without monetary incentives. A voluntary non-monetary approach has so far not been clearly described as a distinct group of tools for nature conservation. Here we review the scarce scientific literature on the topic. To illustrate the applicability of a voluntary non-monetary approach to conservation, we then investigate its potential for farmland conservation. We considered a list of 119 actions available from “conservation-evidence”, a source of systematically collected evidence on effectiveness of conservation actions. Among 119 actions, 95 could be scored for feasibility of implementation, costs, and existence of evidence in UK, Spain and Finland. Sixteen to seventeen actions were potentially suitable for implementation by a voluntary non-monetary approach. This implies that the voluntary non-monetary approach could be widely applicable across many countries and environments. It is our hope that this study will represent a clarion call for conservation scientists to clearly recognize the voluntary non-monetary approach, its characteristics, and its potential for addressing conservation issues on private land. Adoption of such voluntary measures may be more dependent on encouragement (‘nudging’) than on the usual coercive or financial emphasis (‘shoving’).
Original languageEnglish
JournalBiological Conservation
Volume197
Pages (from-to)209-214
Number of pages6
ISSN0006-3207
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
  • BIODIVERSITY
  • POPULATIONS
  • 1172 Environmental sciences
  • Conservation cost
  • Conservation action
  • Evidence-based conservation
  • PRIVATE LANDOWNERS
  • ENDANGERED WHALES
  • PROTECTED AREAS
  • FARMLAND BIRD
  • Evi-based conservation
  • 4111 Agronomy
  • Private land
  • Citizen science

Cite this

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title = "Voluntary non-monetary approaches for implementing conservation",
abstract = "The voluntary non-monetary approach to conservation refers to actions that citizens or organizations could voluntarily implement in their area of influence without the incentive of monetary compensations. To be effectively implemented by untrained actors, actions should be clearly defined, straightforward to implement and not require specific scientific knowledge. The costs of actions should also be sufficiently affordable to be widely applied without monetary incentives. A voluntary non-monetary approach has so far not been clearly described as a distinct group of tools for nature conservation. Here we review the scarce scientific literature on the topic. To illustrate the applicability of a voluntary non-monetary approach to conservation, we then investigate its potential for farmland conservation. We considered a list of 119 actions available from “conservation-evidence”, a source of systematically collected evidence on effectiveness of conservation actions. Among 119 actions, 95 could be scored for feasibility of implementation, costs, and existence of evidence in UK, Spain and Finland. Sixteen to seventeen actions were potentially suitable for implementation by a voluntary non-monetary approach. This implies that the voluntary non-monetary approach could be widely applicable across many countries and environments. It is our hope that this study will represent a clarion call for conservation scientists to clearly recognize the voluntary non-monetary approach, its characteristics, and its potential for addressing conservation issues on private land. Adoption of such voluntary measures may be more dependent on encouragement (‘nudging’) than on the usual coercive or financial emphasis (‘shoving’).",
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author = "Andrea Santangeli and Beatriz Arroyo and Dicks, {Lynn V.} and Iryna Herzon and Kukkala, {Aija Sonja Sarita} and Sutherland, {William J.} and Moilanen, {Atte Jaakko}",
year = "2016",
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language = "English",
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pages = "209--214",
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Voluntary non-monetary approaches for implementing conservation. / Santangeli, Andrea; Arroyo, Beatriz; Dicks, Lynn V.; Herzon, Iryna; Kukkala, Aija Sonja Sarita; Sutherland, William J.; Moilanen, Atte Jaakko.

In: Biological Conservation, Vol. 197, 2016, p. 209-214.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Voluntary non-monetary approaches for implementing conservation

AU - Santangeli, Andrea

AU - Arroyo, Beatriz

AU - Dicks, Lynn V.

AU - Herzon, Iryna

AU - Kukkala, Aija Sonja Sarita

AU - Sutherland, William J.

AU - Moilanen, Atte Jaakko

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The voluntary non-monetary approach to conservation refers to actions that citizens or organizations could voluntarily implement in their area of influence without the incentive of monetary compensations. To be effectively implemented by untrained actors, actions should be clearly defined, straightforward to implement and not require specific scientific knowledge. The costs of actions should also be sufficiently affordable to be widely applied without monetary incentives. A voluntary non-monetary approach has so far not been clearly described as a distinct group of tools for nature conservation. Here we review the scarce scientific literature on the topic. To illustrate the applicability of a voluntary non-monetary approach to conservation, we then investigate its potential for farmland conservation. We considered a list of 119 actions available from “conservation-evidence”, a source of systematically collected evidence on effectiveness of conservation actions. Among 119 actions, 95 could be scored for feasibility of implementation, costs, and existence of evidence in UK, Spain and Finland. Sixteen to seventeen actions were potentially suitable for implementation by a voluntary non-monetary approach. This implies that the voluntary non-monetary approach could be widely applicable across many countries and environments. It is our hope that this study will represent a clarion call for conservation scientists to clearly recognize the voluntary non-monetary approach, its characteristics, and its potential for addressing conservation issues on private land. Adoption of such voluntary measures may be more dependent on encouragement (‘nudging’) than on the usual coercive or financial emphasis (‘shoving’).

AB - The voluntary non-monetary approach to conservation refers to actions that citizens or organizations could voluntarily implement in their area of influence without the incentive of monetary compensations. To be effectively implemented by untrained actors, actions should be clearly defined, straightforward to implement and not require specific scientific knowledge. The costs of actions should also be sufficiently affordable to be widely applied without monetary incentives. A voluntary non-monetary approach has so far not been clearly described as a distinct group of tools for nature conservation. Here we review the scarce scientific literature on the topic. To illustrate the applicability of a voluntary non-monetary approach to conservation, we then investigate its potential for farmland conservation. We considered a list of 119 actions available from “conservation-evidence”, a source of systematically collected evidence on effectiveness of conservation actions. Among 119 actions, 95 could be scored for feasibility of implementation, costs, and existence of evidence in UK, Spain and Finland. Sixteen to seventeen actions were potentially suitable for implementation by a voluntary non-monetary approach. This implies that the voluntary non-monetary approach could be widely applicable across many countries and environments. It is our hope that this study will represent a clarion call for conservation scientists to clearly recognize the voluntary non-monetary approach, its characteristics, and its potential for addressing conservation issues on private land. Adoption of such voluntary measures may be more dependent on encouragement (‘nudging’) than on the usual coercive or financial emphasis (‘shoving’).

KW - 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology

KW - BIODIVERSITY

KW - POPULATIONS

KW - 1172 Environmental sciences

KW - Conservation cost

KW - Conservation action

KW - Evidence-based conservation

KW - PRIVATE LANDOWNERS

KW - ENDANGERED WHALES

KW - PROTECTED AREAS

KW - FARMLAND BIRD

KW - Evi-based conservation

KW - 4111 Agronomy

KW - Private land

KW - Citizen science

U2 - 10.1016/j.biocon.2016.03.013

DO - 10.1016/j.biocon.2016.03.013

M3 - Article

VL - 197

SP - 209

EP - 214

JO - Biological Conservation

JF - Biological Conservation

SN - 0006-3207

ER -