Weichselian sedimentary record and ice-flow patterns in the Sodankylä area, central Finnish Lapland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Three different till units separated by interstadial fluvial deposits were observed in the Sodankyla area in the River Kitinen valley, northern Finland. The interbedded glaciofluvial sediments and palaeosol were dated by OSL to the Early (79 +/- 12 to 67 +/- 13 ka) and Middle (41 +/- 9 ka) Weichselian. A LiDAR DEM, glacial lineations, the flow direction of till fabrics, esker chains and striations were applied to investigate the glacial flow patterns of the Sodankyla, Kittila and Salla areas. The analysis revealed that the youngest movement of the Scandinavian Ice Sheet is not visible as DEM lineations within the studied areas. The modern morphology in Kittila and Salla shows streamlined landforms of various dimensions mainly oriented from the NW and NNW, respectively, corresponding to the Early/Middle Weichselian ice-flow directions inferred from till fabrics. The Late Weichselian ice flow has produced an insignificant imprint on the landforms. This study suggests a northern location for the ice-divide zone during the Early/Middle Weichselian, and a more western-southwestern position during the Late Weichselian. The OSL ages of 14 +/- 3.3 ka from the aeolian deposits may indicate ice-free areas during the Bolling-Allerod warm period in the vicinity of the River Kitinen.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBulletin of the Geological Society of Finland
Volume92
Issue number1-2
Pages (from-to)77-98
Number of pages22
ISSN0367-5211
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Sep 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 1171 Geosciences
  • Quaternary
  • till stratigraphy
  • LiDAR DEM
  • glacial lineations
  • weak glacial erosion
  • interstadial deposits
  • OSL
  • INTERGLACIAL-GLACIAL CYCLE
  • SHEET HISTORY
  • QUARTZ
  • LUMINESCENCE
  • FENNOSCANDIA
  • RAUTUVAARA
  • SHIELD
  • SOKLI
  • MODEL
  • TILL

Cite this