What can legumes deliver in European food and farming systems?

C.A. Watson, C.F.E. Topp, Frederick Lothrop Stoddard

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Legumes are an integral part of the “sustainable intensification” paradigm of crop production, and increased production of protein crops is necessary to enhance Europe’s protein security. We review the role of legumes in the provision of food and feed protein, of nitrogen by biological nitrogen fixation, and of break-crop effects. We address how the nitrogen richness of the legume residues affects the potential for both nitrate leaching and greenhouse gas release, and how these can be managed. We examine how using the measure of “nourishing” rather than simply “feeding” people affects the use of legumes. Finally, we examine some of the sources of uncertainty in establishing desirable levels of inclusion of legumes in European cropping systems.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSustainable Intensification
EditorsRob Carlton, Naomi Jones, Stuart Knight, Adelia de Paula, Jennifer Preston, Siobhan Sherry, Kate Smith
Number of pages6
Place of PublicationUK
PublisherAssociation of Applied Biologists
Publication dateNov 2017
Pages1-6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017
MoE publication typeA4 Article in conference proceedings
EventSustainable Intensification - Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Herts, United Kingdom
Duration: 28 Nov 201730 Nov 2017

Publication series

NameAspects of Applied Biology
PublisherAssociation of Applied Biologists
Number136
ISSN (Print)0265-1491

Fields of Science

  • 4111 Agronomy
  • Cropping systems
  • Protein
  • Biological nitrogen fixation
  • Break-crop effects
  • Legumes

Cite this

Watson, C. A., Topp, C. F. E., & Stoddard, F. L. (2017). What can legumes deliver in European food and farming systems? In R. Carlton, N. Jones, S. Knight, A. de Paula, J. Preston, S. Sherry, & K. Smith (Eds.), Sustainable Intensification (pp. 1-6). (Aspects of Applied Biology; No. 136). UK: Association of Applied Biologists.
Watson, C.A. ; Topp, C.F.E. ; Stoddard, Frederick Lothrop. / What can legumes deliver in European food and farming systems?. Sustainable Intensification. editor / Rob Carlton ; Naomi Jones ; Stuart Knight ; Adelia de Paula ; Jennifer Preston ; Siobhan Sherry ; Kate Smith. UK : Association of Applied Biologists, 2017. pp. 1-6 (Aspects of Applied Biology; 136).
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abstract = "Legumes are an integral part of the “sustainable intensification” paradigm of crop production, and increased production of protein crops is necessary to enhance Europe’s protein security. We review the role of legumes in the provision of food and feed protein, of nitrogen by biological nitrogen fixation, and of break-crop effects. We address how the nitrogen richness of the legume residues affects the potential for both nitrate leaching and greenhouse gas release, and how these can be managed. We examine how using the measure of “nourishing” rather than simply “feeding” people affects the use of legumes. Finally, we examine some of the sources of uncertainty in establishing desirable levels of inclusion of legumes in European cropping systems.",
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Watson, CA, Topp, CFE & Stoddard, FL 2017, What can legumes deliver in European food and farming systems? in R Carlton, N Jones, S Knight, A de Paula, J Preston, S Sherry & K Smith (eds), Sustainable Intensification. Aspects of Applied Biology, no. 136, Association of Applied Biologists, UK, pp. 1-6, Sustainable Intensification, Harpenden, Herts, United Kingdom, 28/11/2017.

What can legumes deliver in European food and farming systems? / Watson, C.A.; Topp, C.F.E.; Stoddard, Frederick Lothrop.

Sustainable Intensification. ed. / Rob Carlton; Naomi Jones; Stuart Knight; Adelia de Paula; Jennifer Preston; Siobhan Sherry; Kate Smith. UK : Association of Applied Biologists, 2017. p. 1-6 (Aspects of Applied Biology; No. 136).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - What can legumes deliver in European food and farming systems?

AU - Watson, C.A.

AU - Topp, C.F.E.

AU - Stoddard, Frederick Lothrop

PY - 2017/11

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N2 - Legumes are an integral part of the “sustainable intensification” paradigm of crop production, and increased production of protein crops is necessary to enhance Europe’s protein security. We review the role of legumes in the provision of food and feed protein, of nitrogen by biological nitrogen fixation, and of break-crop effects. We address how the nitrogen richness of the legume residues affects the potential for both nitrate leaching and greenhouse gas release, and how these can be managed. We examine how using the measure of “nourishing” rather than simply “feeding” people affects the use of legumes. Finally, we examine some of the sources of uncertainty in establishing desirable levels of inclusion of legumes in European cropping systems.

AB - Legumes are an integral part of the “sustainable intensification” paradigm of crop production, and increased production of protein crops is necessary to enhance Europe’s protein security. We review the role of legumes in the provision of food and feed protein, of nitrogen by biological nitrogen fixation, and of break-crop effects. We address how the nitrogen richness of the legume residues affects the potential for both nitrate leaching and greenhouse gas release, and how these can be managed. We examine how using the measure of “nourishing” rather than simply “feeding” people affects the use of legumes. Finally, we examine some of the sources of uncertainty in establishing desirable levels of inclusion of legumes in European cropping systems.

KW - 4111 Agronomy

KW - Cropping systems

KW - Protein

KW - Biological nitrogen fixation

KW - Break-crop effects

KW - Legumes

M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - Aspects of Applied Biology

SP - 1

EP - 6

BT - Sustainable Intensification

A2 - Carlton, Rob

A2 - Jones, Naomi

A2 - Knight, Stuart

A2 - de Paula, Adelia

A2 - Preston, Jennifer

A2 - Sherry, Siobhan

A2 - Smith, Kate

PB - Association of Applied Biologists

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Watson CA, Topp CFE, Stoddard FL. What can legumes deliver in European food and farming systems? In Carlton R, Jones N, Knight S, de Paula A, Preston J, Sherry S, Smith K, editors, Sustainable Intensification. UK: Association of Applied Biologists. 2017. p. 1-6. (Aspects of Applied Biology; 136).