What drives policy change for REDD+?

A qualitative comparative analysis of the interplay between institutional and policy arena factors

Kaisa Korhonen-Kurki, Maria Brockhaus, Jenniver Sehring, Monica Di Gregorio, Samuel Assembe-Mvondo, Andrea Babon, Mr Melaku Bekele, Vanessa Benn, Maria Fernanda Gebara, Hermann Kambire, Felicien Kengoum, Cynthia Maharani, Mary Menton, Robert M. Ochieng, Naya Sharma Paudel, Thuy Thu Pham, Guy Patrice Dkamela, Almeida Sitoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) has emerged as a promising climate change mitigation mechanism in developing countries. In order to identify the enabling conditions for achieving progress in the implementation of an effective, efficient and equitable REDD+, this paper examines national policy settings in a comparative analysis across 13 countries with a focus on both institutional context and the actual setting of the policy arena. The evaluation of REDD+ revealed that countries across Africa, Asia and Latin America are showing some progress, but some face backlashes in realizing the necessary transformational change to tackle deforestation and forest degradation. A Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) undertaken as part of the research project showed two enabling institutional configurations facilitating progress: (1) the presence of already initiated policy change; and (2) scarcity of forest resources combined with an absence of any effective forestry framework and policies. When these were analysed alongside policy arena conditions, the paper finds that the presence of powerful transformational coalitions combined with strong ownership and leadership, and performance-based funding, can both work as a strong incentive for achieving REDD+ goals. Key policy insights The positive push of already existing policy change, or the negative stress of resource scarcity together with lack of effective policies, represents institutional conditions that can support REDD+ progress. Progress also requires the presence of powerful transformational coalitions and strong ownership and leadership. In the absence of these internal drivers, performance-based funding can work as a strong incentive. When comparing three assessments (2012, 2014, 2016) of REDD+ enabling conditions, some progress in establishing processes of change can be observed over time; however, the overall fluctuation in progress of most countries reveals the difficulty in changing the deforestation trajectory away from business as usual.
Original languageEnglish
JournalClimate Policy
Volume19
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)315-328
Number of pages14
ISSN1469-3062
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Mar 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • DEFORESTATION
  • Policy change
  • QCA
  • REDD
  • climate change mitigation
  • developing countries
  • 1172 Environmental sciences

Cite this

Korhonen-Kurki, Kaisa ; Brockhaus, Maria ; Sehring, Jenniver ; Di Gregorio, Monica ; Assembe-Mvondo, Samuel ; Babon, Andrea ; Bekele, Mr Melaku ; Benn, Vanessa ; Gebara, Maria Fernanda ; Kambire, Hermann ; Kengoum, Felicien ; Maharani, Cynthia ; Menton, Mary ; Ochieng, Robert M. ; Paudel, Naya Sharma ; Pham, Thuy Thu ; Dkamela, Guy Patrice ; Sitoe, Almeida. / What drives policy change for REDD+? A qualitative comparative analysis of the interplay between institutional and policy arena factors. In: Climate Policy. 2019 ; Vol. 19, No. 3. pp. 315-328.
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title = "What drives policy change for REDD+?: A qualitative comparative analysis of the interplay between institutional and policy arena factors",
abstract = "Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) has emerged as a promising climate change mitigation mechanism in developing countries. In order to identify the enabling conditions for achieving progress in the implementation of an effective, efficient and equitable REDD+, this paper examines national policy settings in a comparative analysis across 13 countries with a focus on both institutional context and the actual setting of the policy arena. The evaluation of REDD+ revealed that countries across Africa, Asia and Latin America are showing some progress, but some face backlashes in realizing the necessary transformational change to tackle deforestation and forest degradation. A Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) undertaken as part of the research project showed two enabling institutional configurations facilitating progress: (1) the presence of already initiated policy change; and (2) scarcity of forest resources combined with an absence of any effective forestry framework and policies. When these were analysed alongside policy arena conditions, the paper finds that the presence of powerful transformational coalitions combined with strong ownership and leadership, and performance-based funding, can both work as a strong incentive for achieving REDD+ goals. Key policy insights The positive push of already existing policy change, or the negative stress of resource scarcity together with lack of effective policies, represents institutional conditions that can support REDD+ progress. Progress also requires the presence of powerful transformational coalitions and strong ownership and leadership. In the absence of these internal drivers, performance-based funding can work as a strong incentive. When comparing three assessments (2012, 2014, 2016) of REDD+ enabling conditions, some progress in establishing processes of change can be observed over time; however, the overall fluctuation in progress of most countries reveals the difficulty in changing the deforestation trajectory away from business as usual.",
keywords = "DEFORESTATION, Policy change, QCA, REDD, climate change mitigation, developing countries, 1172 Environmental sciences",
author = "Kaisa Korhonen-Kurki and Maria Brockhaus and Jenniver Sehring and {Di Gregorio}, Monica and Samuel Assembe-Mvondo and Andrea Babon and Bekele, {Mr Melaku} and Vanessa Benn and Gebara, {Maria Fernanda} and Hermann Kambire and Felicien Kengoum and Cynthia Maharani and Mary Menton and Ochieng, {Robert M.} and Paudel, {Naya Sharma} and Pham, {Thuy Thu} and Dkamela, {Guy Patrice} and Almeida Sitoe",
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Korhonen-Kurki, K, Brockhaus, M, Sehring, J, Di Gregorio, M, Assembe-Mvondo, S, Babon, A, Bekele, MM, Benn, V, Gebara, MF, Kambire, H, Kengoum, F, Maharani, C, Menton, M, Ochieng, RM, Paudel, NS, Pham, TT, Dkamela, GP & Sitoe, A 2019, 'What drives policy change for REDD+? A qualitative comparative analysis of the interplay between institutional and policy arena factors', Climate Policy, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 315-328. https://doi.org/10.1080/14693062.2018.1507897

What drives policy change for REDD+? A qualitative comparative analysis of the interplay between institutional and policy arena factors. / Korhonen-Kurki, Kaisa; Brockhaus, Maria; Sehring, Jenniver; Di Gregorio, Monica; Assembe-Mvondo, Samuel; Babon, Andrea; Bekele, Mr Melaku; Benn, Vanessa; Gebara, Maria Fernanda; Kambire, Hermann ; Kengoum, Felicien; Maharani, Cynthia; Menton, Mary; Ochieng, Robert M.; Paudel, Naya Sharma; Pham, Thuy Thu ; Dkamela, Guy Patrice ; Sitoe, Almeida.

In: Climate Policy, Vol. 19, No. 3, 16.03.2019, p. 315-328.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - What drives policy change for REDD+?

T2 - A qualitative comparative analysis of the interplay between institutional and policy arena factors

AU - Korhonen-Kurki, Kaisa

AU - Brockhaus, Maria

AU - Sehring, Jenniver

AU - Di Gregorio, Monica

AU - Assembe-Mvondo, Samuel

AU - Babon, Andrea

AU - Bekele, Mr Melaku

AU - Benn, Vanessa

AU - Gebara, Maria Fernanda

AU - Kambire, Hermann

AU - Kengoum, Felicien

AU - Maharani, Cynthia

AU - Menton, Mary

AU - Ochieng, Robert M.

AU - Paudel, Naya Sharma

AU - Pham, Thuy Thu

AU - Dkamela, Guy Patrice

AU - Sitoe, Almeida

PY - 2019/3/16

Y1 - 2019/3/16

N2 - Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) has emerged as a promising climate change mitigation mechanism in developing countries. In order to identify the enabling conditions for achieving progress in the implementation of an effective, efficient and equitable REDD+, this paper examines national policy settings in a comparative analysis across 13 countries with a focus on both institutional context and the actual setting of the policy arena. The evaluation of REDD+ revealed that countries across Africa, Asia and Latin America are showing some progress, but some face backlashes in realizing the necessary transformational change to tackle deforestation and forest degradation. A Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) undertaken as part of the research project showed two enabling institutional configurations facilitating progress: (1) the presence of already initiated policy change; and (2) scarcity of forest resources combined with an absence of any effective forestry framework and policies. When these were analysed alongside policy arena conditions, the paper finds that the presence of powerful transformational coalitions combined with strong ownership and leadership, and performance-based funding, can both work as a strong incentive for achieving REDD+ goals. Key policy insights The positive push of already existing policy change, or the negative stress of resource scarcity together with lack of effective policies, represents institutional conditions that can support REDD+ progress. Progress also requires the presence of powerful transformational coalitions and strong ownership and leadership. In the absence of these internal drivers, performance-based funding can work as a strong incentive. When comparing three assessments (2012, 2014, 2016) of REDD+ enabling conditions, some progress in establishing processes of change can be observed over time; however, the overall fluctuation in progress of most countries reveals the difficulty in changing the deforestation trajectory away from business as usual.

AB - Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) has emerged as a promising climate change mitigation mechanism in developing countries. In order to identify the enabling conditions for achieving progress in the implementation of an effective, efficient and equitable REDD+, this paper examines national policy settings in a comparative analysis across 13 countries with a focus on both institutional context and the actual setting of the policy arena. The evaluation of REDD+ revealed that countries across Africa, Asia and Latin America are showing some progress, but some face backlashes in realizing the necessary transformational change to tackle deforestation and forest degradation. A Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) undertaken as part of the research project showed two enabling institutional configurations facilitating progress: (1) the presence of already initiated policy change; and (2) scarcity of forest resources combined with an absence of any effective forestry framework and policies. When these were analysed alongside policy arena conditions, the paper finds that the presence of powerful transformational coalitions combined with strong ownership and leadership, and performance-based funding, can both work as a strong incentive for achieving REDD+ goals. Key policy insights The positive push of already existing policy change, or the negative stress of resource scarcity together with lack of effective policies, represents institutional conditions that can support REDD+ progress. Progress also requires the presence of powerful transformational coalitions and strong ownership and leadership. In the absence of these internal drivers, performance-based funding can work as a strong incentive. When comparing three assessments (2012, 2014, 2016) of REDD+ enabling conditions, some progress in establishing processes of change can be observed over time; however, the overall fluctuation in progress of most countries reveals the difficulty in changing the deforestation trajectory away from business as usual.

KW - DEFORESTATION

KW - Policy change

KW - QCA

KW - REDD

KW - climate change mitigation

KW - developing countries

KW - 1172 Environmental sciences

U2 - 10.1080/14693062.2018.1507897

DO - 10.1080/14693062.2018.1507897

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JF - Climate Policy

SN - 1469-3062

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