When intracellular logistics fails: genetic defects in membrane trafficking

Vesa Olkkonen, Elina Ikonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

"The number of human genetic disorders shown to be due to defects in membrane trafficking has greatly increased during the past five years. Defects have been identified in components involved in sorting of cargo into transport carriers, vesicle budding and scission, movement of vesicles along cytoskeletal tracks, as well as in vesicle tethering, docking and fusion at the target membrane. The nervous system is extremely sensitive to such disturbances of the membrane trafficking machinery, and the majority of these disorders display neurological defects - particularly diseases affecting the motility of transport carriers along cytoskeletal tracks. In several disorders, defects in a component that represents a fundamental part of the trafficking machinery fail to cause global transport defects but result in symptoms limited to specific cell types and transport events; this apparently reflects the redundancy of the transport apparatus. In groups of closely related diseases such as Hermansky-Pudlak and Griscelli syndromes, identification of the underlying gene defects has revealed groups of genes in which mutations lead to similar phenotypic consequences. New functionally linked trafficking components and regulatory mechanisms have thus been discovered. Studies of the gene defects in trafficking disorders therefore not only open avenues for new therapeutic approaches but also significantly contribute to our knowledge of the fundamental mechanisms of intracellular membrane transport."
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Volume119
Pages (from-to)5031-5045
Number of pages15
ISSN0021-9533
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Cite this

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title = "When intracellular logistics fails: genetic defects in membrane trafficking",
abstract = "{"}The number of human genetic disorders shown to be due to defects in membrane trafficking has greatly increased during the past five years. Defects have been identified in components involved in sorting of cargo into transport carriers, vesicle budding and scission, movement of vesicles along cytoskeletal tracks, as well as in vesicle tethering, docking and fusion at the target membrane. The nervous system is extremely sensitive to such disturbances of the membrane trafficking machinery, and the majority of these disorders display neurological defects - particularly diseases affecting the motility of transport carriers along cytoskeletal tracks. In several disorders, defects in a component that represents a fundamental part of the trafficking machinery fail to cause global transport defects but result in symptoms limited to specific cell types and transport events; this apparently reflects the redundancy of the transport apparatus. In groups of closely related diseases such as Hermansky-Pudlak and Griscelli syndromes, identification of the underlying gene defects has revealed groups of genes in which mutations lead to similar phenotypic consequences. New functionally linked trafficking components and regulatory mechanisms have thus been discovered. Studies of the gene defects in trafficking disorders therefore not only open avenues for new therapeutic approaches but also significantly contribute to our knowledge of the fundamental mechanisms of intracellular membrane transport.{"}",
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When intracellular logistics fails : genetic defects in membrane trafficking. / Olkkonen, Vesa; Ikonen, Elina.

In: Journal of Cell Science, Vol. 119, 2006, p. 5031-5045.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - When intracellular logistics fails

T2 - genetic defects in membrane trafficking

AU - Olkkonen, Vesa

AU - Ikonen, Elina

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - "The number of human genetic disorders shown to be due to defects in membrane trafficking has greatly increased during the past five years. Defects have been identified in components involved in sorting of cargo into transport carriers, vesicle budding and scission, movement of vesicles along cytoskeletal tracks, as well as in vesicle tethering, docking and fusion at the target membrane. The nervous system is extremely sensitive to such disturbances of the membrane trafficking machinery, and the majority of these disorders display neurological defects - particularly diseases affecting the motility of transport carriers along cytoskeletal tracks. In several disorders, defects in a component that represents a fundamental part of the trafficking machinery fail to cause global transport defects but result in symptoms limited to specific cell types and transport events; this apparently reflects the redundancy of the transport apparatus. In groups of closely related diseases such as Hermansky-Pudlak and Griscelli syndromes, identification of the underlying gene defects has revealed groups of genes in which mutations lead to similar phenotypic consequences. New functionally linked trafficking components and regulatory mechanisms have thus been discovered. Studies of the gene defects in trafficking disorders therefore not only open avenues for new therapeutic approaches but also significantly contribute to our knowledge of the fundamental mechanisms of intracellular membrane transport."

AB - "The number of human genetic disorders shown to be due to defects in membrane trafficking has greatly increased during the past five years. Defects have been identified in components involved in sorting of cargo into transport carriers, vesicle budding and scission, movement of vesicles along cytoskeletal tracks, as well as in vesicle tethering, docking and fusion at the target membrane. The nervous system is extremely sensitive to such disturbances of the membrane trafficking machinery, and the majority of these disorders display neurological defects - particularly diseases affecting the motility of transport carriers along cytoskeletal tracks. In several disorders, defects in a component that represents a fundamental part of the trafficking machinery fail to cause global transport defects but result in symptoms limited to specific cell types and transport events; this apparently reflects the redundancy of the transport apparatus. In groups of closely related diseases such as Hermansky-Pudlak and Griscelli syndromes, identification of the underlying gene defects has revealed groups of genes in which mutations lead to similar phenotypic consequences. New functionally linked trafficking components and regulatory mechanisms have thus been discovered. Studies of the gene defects in trafficking disorders therefore not only open avenues for new therapeutic approaches but also significantly contribute to our knowledge of the fundamental mechanisms of intracellular membrane transport."

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JO - Journal of Cell Science

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SN - 0021-9533

ER -