Abstract

Cities and urban green areas therein can be considered as complex social-ecological systems that provide various ecosystem services with different synergies and trade-offs among them. In this article, we show that multiple stakeholder perspectives and data sources should be used to capture key values for sustainable planning and management of urban green spaces. Using an urban forest in Helsinki, Finland as a case study, we incorporated data collected using public participation GIS, expert elicitation and forest inventories in order to investigate the guidance that the different types of data, and their integration, can provide for landscape planning. We examined the relationship and spatial concurrence between two social variables i.e. visitors’ perceived landscape values and green space use, and two ecological variables i.e. forest habitat quality and urban biodiversity, using hot/coldspot analysis. We found weak correlations and low mean spatial coincidence between the social and ecological data, indicating great complementary importance to multi-criteria decision-making. In addition, there was a higher level of spatial agreement between the ecological datasets than between the social datasets. Forest habitat quality and urban biodiversity were positively correlated and spatially coincided moderately, while we found a negative correlation and very low overlap between visitor use and landscape values. This highlights the conceptual and spatial distinction between the general preferences and values citizens assign to public green spaces and the realized everyday use of these areas and their services. The resulting maps can inform planners on overall social and environmental quality of the landscape, and point out potential threats to areas of high ecological value due to intensive recreational use, which is crucial information for natural resource management. In the end, we discuss different strategies for managing overlaps and discrepancies between the social and ecological values.
Original languageEnglish
Article number0203611
JournalPLoS One
Volume13
Issue number9
Number of pages19
ISSN1932-6203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Sep 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 1172 Environmental sciences
  • PUBLIC-PARTICIPATION GIS
  • SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL HOTSPOTS
  • ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
  • CONSERVATION STRATEGIES
  • SOUTHERN FINLAND
  • NATIONAL-PARK
  • GREEN SPACES
  • AREAS
  • INDICATORS
  • GROWTH
  • PUBLIC-PARTICIPATION GIS
  • SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL HOTSPOTS
  • ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
  • CONSERVATION STRATEGIES
  • SOUTHERN FINLAND
  • NATIONAL-PARK
  • GREEN SPACES
  • AREAS
  • INDICATORS
  • GROWTH

Cite this

@article{7962c454ef5f4808b5b66a619da73cfc,
title = "Where are the hotspots and coldspots of landscape values, visitor use and biodiversity in an urban forest?",
abstract = "Cities and urban green areas therein can be considered as complex social-ecological systems that provide various ecosystem services with different synergies and trade-offs among them. In this article, we show that multiple stakeholder perspectives and data sources should be used to capture key values for sustainable planning and management of urban green spaces. Using an urban forest in Helsinki, Finland as a case study, we incorporated data collected using public participation GIS, expert elicitation and forest inventories in order to investigate the guidance that the different types of data, and their integration, can provide for landscape planning. We examined the relationship and spatial concurrence between two social variables i.e. visitors’ perceived landscape values and green space use, and two ecological variables i.e. forest habitat quality and urban biodiversity, using hot/coldspot analysis. We found weak correlations and low mean spatial coincidence between the social and ecological data, indicating great complementary importance to multi-criteria decision-making. In addition, there was a higher level of spatial agreement between the ecological datasets than between the social datasets. Forest habitat quality and urban biodiversity were positively correlated and spatially coincided moderately, while we found a negative correlation and very low overlap between visitor use and landscape values. This highlights the conceptual and spatial distinction between the general preferences and values citizens assign to public green spaces and the realized everyday use of these areas and their services. The resulting maps can inform planners on overall social and environmental quality of the landscape, and point out potential threats to areas of high ecological value due to intensive recreational use, which is crucial information for natural resource management. In the end, we discuss different strategies for managing overlaps and discrepancies between the social and ecological values.",
keywords = "1172 Environmental sciences, PUBLIC-PARTICIPATION GIS, SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL HOTSPOTS, ECOSYSTEM SERVICES, CONSERVATION STRATEGIES, SOUTHERN FINLAND, NATIONAL-PARK, GREEN SPACES, AREAS, INDICATORS, GROWTH, PUBLIC-PARTICIPATION GIS, SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL HOTSPOTS, ECOSYSTEM SERVICES, CONSERVATION STRATEGIES, SOUTHERN FINLAND, NATIONAL-PARK, GREEN SPACES, AREAS, INDICATORS, GROWTH",
author = "Silviya Korpilo and Joel Jalkanen and Tarmo Virtanen and Susanna Lehv{\"a}virta",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "26",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0203611",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
journal = "PLoS One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE",
number = "9",

}

Where are the hotspots and coldspots of landscape values, visitor use and biodiversity in an urban forest? / Korpilo, Silviya; Jalkanen, Joel; Virtanen, Tarmo; Lehvävirta, Susanna.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 13, No. 9, 0203611, 26.09.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Where are the hotspots and coldspots of landscape values, visitor use and biodiversity in an urban forest?

AU - Korpilo, Silviya

AU - Jalkanen, Joel

AU - Virtanen, Tarmo

AU - Lehvävirta, Susanna

PY - 2018/9/26

Y1 - 2018/9/26

N2 - Cities and urban green areas therein can be considered as complex social-ecological systems that provide various ecosystem services with different synergies and trade-offs among them. In this article, we show that multiple stakeholder perspectives and data sources should be used to capture key values for sustainable planning and management of urban green spaces. Using an urban forest in Helsinki, Finland as a case study, we incorporated data collected using public participation GIS, expert elicitation and forest inventories in order to investigate the guidance that the different types of data, and their integration, can provide for landscape planning. We examined the relationship and spatial concurrence between two social variables i.e. visitors’ perceived landscape values and green space use, and two ecological variables i.e. forest habitat quality and urban biodiversity, using hot/coldspot analysis. We found weak correlations and low mean spatial coincidence between the social and ecological data, indicating great complementary importance to multi-criteria decision-making. In addition, there was a higher level of spatial agreement between the ecological datasets than between the social datasets. Forest habitat quality and urban biodiversity were positively correlated and spatially coincided moderately, while we found a negative correlation and very low overlap between visitor use and landscape values. This highlights the conceptual and spatial distinction between the general preferences and values citizens assign to public green spaces and the realized everyday use of these areas and their services. The resulting maps can inform planners on overall social and environmental quality of the landscape, and point out potential threats to areas of high ecological value due to intensive recreational use, which is crucial information for natural resource management. In the end, we discuss different strategies for managing overlaps and discrepancies between the social and ecological values.

AB - Cities and urban green areas therein can be considered as complex social-ecological systems that provide various ecosystem services with different synergies and trade-offs among them. In this article, we show that multiple stakeholder perspectives and data sources should be used to capture key values for sustainable planning and management of urban green spaces. Using an urban forest in Helsinki, Finland as a case study, we incorporated data collected using public participation GIS, expert elicitation and forest inventories in order to investigate the guidance that the different types of data, and their integration, can provide for landscape planning. We examined the relationship and spatial concurrence between two social variables i.e. visitors’ perceived landscape values and green space use, and two ecological variables i.e. forest habitat quality and urban biodiversity, using hot/coldspot analysis. We found weak correlations and low mean spatial coincidence between the social and ecological data, indicating great complementary importance to multi-criteria decision-making. In addition, there was a higher level of spatial agreement between the ecological datasets than between the social datasets. Forest habitat quality and urban biodiversity were positively correlated and spatially coincided moderately, while we found a negative correlation and very low overlap between visitor use and landscape values. This highlights the conceptual and spatial distinction between the general preferences and values citizens assign to public green spaces and the realized everyday use of these areas and their services. The resulting maps can inform planners on overall social and environmental quality of the landscape, and point out potential threats to areas of high ecological value due to intensive recreational use, which is crucial information for natural resource management. In the end, we discuss different strategies for managing overlaps and discrepancies between the social and ecological values.

KW - 1172 Environmental sciences

KW - PUBLIC-PARTICIPATION GIS

KW - SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL HOTSPOTS

KW - ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

KW - CONSERVATION STRATEGIES

KW - SOUTHERN FINLAND

KW - NATIONAL-PARK

KW - GREEN SPACES

KW - AREAS

KW - INDICATORS

KW - GROWTH

KW - PUBLIC-PARTICIPATION GIS

KW - SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL HOTSPOTS

KW - ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

KW - CONSERVATION STRATEGIES

KW - SOUTHERN FINLAND

KW - NATIONAL-PARK

KW - GREEN SPACES

KW - AREAS

KW - INDICATORS

KW - GROWTH

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0203611

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0203611

M3 - Article

VL - 13

JO - PLoS One

JF - PLoS One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 9

M1 - 0203611

ER -