Wooden Multistory Construction in Finland: Perceptions from Municipal Civil Servants on the Benefits of Wood and Barriers to Project Implementation

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientific

Abstract

The residential market share of wooden multistory construction (WMC) in Finland today remains at about 5-6 % despite several national wood construction development programmes implemented since the 1990s. Municipalities are important gatekeepers because they hold the legal authority to oversee and approve the zoning of land-use plans. This extends to enacting zoning regulations which force builders to comply with the use of specific construction materials, like wood. However, material compliance is rarely implemented within municipal zoning plans. This qualitative interview study presents an analysis of civil servant perceptions regarding WMC in Finland. The Theory of Planned Behavior was implemented as a framework for developing the questionnaire. Civil servants were asked to elicit their personal opinions on WMC, and what they perceive as key benefits and barriers regarding WMC. Results show that increasing support for WMC was due to benefits made possible by the technical qualities of the engineered wood products used to erect WMC projects. These products permit flexible construction technologies that directly enhance citizen lifestyles and support local and national economies. Barriers were a result of a challenging operating environment shaped by poor information distribution, few WMC industry actors and limited policy measures to support projects. These factors are seen to trigger higher risk and cost. Interestingly, material limitations themselves were rarely discussed, but could be seen to result in perceived higher cost or project risk.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2018 Society of Wood Science and Technology/Japan Wood Research Society International Convention : Era of a Sustainable World – Tradition and Innovation for Wood Science and Technology
Number of pages8
Place of PublicationNagoya, Japan
PublisherSociety of Wood Science and Technology
Publication date5 Nov 2018
Pages211-218
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-9817876-4-0
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2018
MoE publication typeB3 Article in conference proceedings
Event61st International Convention of Society of Wood Science and Technology and Japan Wood Research Society: Era of Sustainable World - Tradition and Innovation for Wood Science and Technology - Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
Duration: 5 Nov 20189 Nov 2018
http://www.swst.org/wp/meeting/past-swst-conventions/2018-swstjwrs-international-convention/

Fields of Science

  • 4112 Forestry
  • 511 Economics

Cite this

Franzini, F., Toppinen, A., & Toivonen, R. M. (2018). Wooden Multistory Construction in Finland: Perceptions from Municipal Civil Servants on the Benefits of Wood and Barriers to Project Implementation. In Proceedings of the 2018 Society of Wood Science and Technology/Japan Wood Research Society International Convention: Era of a Sustainable World – Tradition and Innovation for Wood Science and Technology (pp. 211-218). Nagoya, Japan: Society of Wood Science and Technology.
Franzini, Florencia ; Toppinen, Anne ; Toivonen, Ritva Marketta. / Wooden Multistory Construction in Finland : Perceptions from Municipal Civil Servants on the Benefits of Wood and Barriers to Project Implementation. Proceedings of the 2018 Society of Wood Science and Technology/Japan Wood Research Society International Convention: Era of a Sustainable World – Tradition and Innovation for Wood Science and Technology. Nagoya, Japan : Society of Wood Science and Technology, 2018. pp. 211-218
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abstract = "The residential market share of wooden multistory construction (WMC) in Finland today remains at about 5-6 {\%} despite several national wood construction development programmes implemented since the 1990s. Municipalities are important gatekeepers because they hold the legal authority to oversee and approve the zoning of land-use plans. This extends to enacting zoning regulations which force builders to comply with the use of specific construction materials, like wood. However, material compliance is rarely implemented within municipal zoning plans. This qualitative interview study presents an analysis of civil servant perceptions regarding WMC in Finland. The Theory of Planned Behavior was implemented as a framework for developing the questionnaire. Civil servants were asked to elicit their personal opinions on WMC, and what they perceive as key benefits and barriers regarding WMC. Results show that increasing support for WMC was due to benefits made possible by the technical qualities of the engineered wood products used to erect WMC projects. These products permit flexible construction technologies that directly enhance citizen lifestyles and support local and national economies. Barriers were a result of a challenging operating environment shaped by poor information distribution, few WMC industry actors and limited policy measures to support projects. These factors are seen to trigger higher risk and cost. Interestingly, material limitations themselves were rarely discussed, but could be seen to result in perceived higher cost or project risk.",
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Franzini, F, Toppinen, A & Toivonen, RM 2018, Wooden Multistory Construction in Finland: Perceptions from Municipal Civil Servants on the Benefits of Wood and Barriers to Project Implementation. in Proceedings of the 2018 Society of Wood Science and Technology/Japan Wood Research Society International Convention: Era of a Sustainable World – Tradition and Innovation for Wood Science and Technology. Society of Wood Science and Technology, Nagoya, Japan, pp. 211-218, 61st International Convention of Society of Wood Science and Technology and Japan Wood Research Society, Nagoya, Japan, 05/11/2018.

Wooden Multistory Construction in Finland : Perceptions from Municipal Civil Servants on the Benefits of Wood and Barriers to Project Implementation. / Franzini, Florencia; Toppinen, Anne; Toivonen, Ritva Marketta.

Proceedings of the 2018 Society of Wood Science and Technology/Japan Wood Research Society International Convention: Era of a Sustainable World – Tradition and Innovation for Wood Science and Technology. Nagoya, Japan : Society of Wood Science and Technology, 2018. p. 211-218.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientific

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T1 - Wooden Multistory Construction in Finland

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AU - Franzini, Florencia

AU - Toppinen, Anne

AU - Toivonen, Ritva Marketta

PY - 2018/11/5

Y1 - 2018/11/5

N2 - The residential market share of wooden multistory construction (WMC) in Finland today remains at about 5-6 % despite several national wood construction development programmes implemented since the 1990s. Municipalities are important gatekeepers because they hold the legal authority to oversee and approve the zoning of land-use plans. This extends to enacting zoning regulations which force builders to comply with the use of specific construction materials, like wood. However, material compliance is rarely implemented within municipal zoning plans. This qualitative interview study presents an analysis of civil servant perceptions regarding WMC in Finland. The Theory of Planned Behavior was implemented as a framework for developing the questionnaire. Civil servants were asked to elicit their personal opinions on WMC, and what they perceive as key benefits and barriers regarding WMC. Results show that increasing support for WMC was due to benefits made possible by the technical qualities of the engineered wood products used to erect WMC projects. These products permit flexible construction technologies that directly enhance citizen lifestyles and support local and national economies. Barriers were a result of a challenging operating environment shaped by poor information distribution, few WMC industry actors and limited policy measures to support projects. These factors are seen to trigger higher risk and cost. Interestingly, material limitations themselves were rarely discussed, but could be seen to result in perceived higher cost or project risk.

AB - The residential market share of wooden multistory construction (WMC) in Finland today remains at about 5-6 % despite several national wood construction development programmes implemented since the 1990s. Municipalities are important gatekeepers because they hold the legal authority to oversee and approve the zoning of land-use plans. This extends to enacting zoning regulations which force builders to comply with the use of specific construction materials, like wood. However, material compliance is rarely implemented within municipal zoning plans. This qualitative interview study presents an analysis of civil servant perceptions regarding WMC in Finland. The Theory of Planned Behavior was implemented as a framework for developing the questionnaire. Civil servants were asked to elicit their personal opinions on WMC, and what they perceive as key benefits and barriers regarding WMC. Results show that increasing support for WMC was due to benefits made possible by the technical qualities of the engineered wood products used to erect WMC projects. These products permit flexible construction technologies that directly enhance citizen lifestyles and support local and national economies. Barriers were a result of a challenging operating environment shaped by poor information distribution, few WMC industry actors and limited policy measures to support projects. These factors are seen to trigger higher risk and cost. Interestingly, material limitations themselves were rarely discussed, but could be seen to result in perceived higher cost or project risk.

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KW - 511 Economics

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PB - Society of Wood Science and Technology

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Franzini F, Toppinen A, Toivonen RM. Wooden Multistory Construction in Finland: Perceptions from Municipal Civil Servants on the Benefits of Wood and Barriers to Project Implementation. In Proceedings of the 2018 Society of Wood Science and Technology/Japan Wood Research Society International Convention: Era of a Sustainable World – Tradition and Innovation for Wood Science and Technology. Nagoya, Japan: Society of Wood Science and Technology. 2018. p. 211-218