Bi-Polar Hegemony and Populism in Hungary (Invited talk at U. of Newcastle)

Palonen, E. (Puhuja)

Aktiviteetti: Puhe- tai esitystyypitKutsuesitelmä


This presentation presents an anti-essentialist immanent reading of Ernesto Laclau's theory and how it can be useful for the study of polarised politics and societies. Drawing on Ernesto Laclau's work from post-foundational perspective populism can be captured in a formula where frontiers, affects and the political constitution of "us" play a role. Populism as a mode of articulation operates through particular dynamics. Populism not only has similar form with nationalism but it entangles with it. The case of Hungary focuses on competing populism and reveals how this dynamic emerged as a dynamic in polarised societies. This logic explains, how polarisation is very difficult to break, when a conflict becomes settled. It also discusses the consequences to democracy of that from both the liberal or radical perspectives. The presentation draws on exisiting publications and field knowledge of Hungary from 1999 to the latest elections. It seeks to explain Fidesz and the party leader Viktor Orbán’s illiberal measures, dichotomies between them and us, ultimately leading to with nationalism and xenophobia. It shows how revolution, “illiberalism” and migrants have served for populist meaning-making and are related to the political polarisation in Hungary. Finally, it enhances understanding of democracy by discussing performative features of nation-building, populism and law-making in contemporary politics and finally the “Janus-face” of populism.
Aikajakso2 elokuuta 2018
PidettyUniversity of Newcastle, Australia
Tunnustuksen arvoKansainvälinen