Research visit to the Center for International Research, presentation of the below ongoing research project:

Title: Political economies of deforestation in Brazil, Finland and Peru

Much research has focused on the extent and proximate causes of deforestation and forest degradation around the world. Remote sensing offers ever-more precise analyses of where deforestation is taking place, while statistical analyses have explored a large array of variables possibly correlating with deforestation. In many places, proximate agents of deforestation have been identified, and there has also been analysis of the structural causes. However, a deeper analysis of the underlying systemic causes of deforestation, by exploring the political and moral economies associated with regionally dominant economic sectors that are linked to deforestation, can further open up the causalities at play, and offer new insights about responsibilities and power in forest transitions. To open up the possible role of regionally dominant political economies, I analyze and compare the role of different sectors responsible for deforestation in different parts of the world. This analysis offers a way to write about global forest politics and sustainability from a systemic viewpoint that focuses on the ultimate causes. I thus assess the role of what I call 'cattle capitalism' in the Brazilian Amazon; gold mining in Peru's Madre de Dios province; and the pulp industry in Brazil and Finland in driving forest degradation and deforestation. This analysis offers insights into the internal functioning of for example 'cattle capitalism', from top-level politicians and multinational corporations to the peasants with small herds, and ranchers with large herds in the Amazon. To understand the internal specificities and workings of these political economic systems that are related to deforestation is essential to be able to better regulate and govern them through political processes. This can yield an understanding about to which extent and how (and why not) deforestation decrease measures are possible in different contexts, given the existing power relations.
Aikajakso18 helmikuuta 201922 helmikuuta 2019
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