Aktiviteetti: Puhe- tai esitystyypit › Kutsuesitelmä
In 2005, RED(D+) emerged as a climate mitigation strategy to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in the tropics under the UNFCCC. Despite a number of contestations, a wide range of diverse actors were able to unite under the canopy of REDD+ objectives of halting deforestation while providing for development and delivering other co-benefits. The contestations remain however and include fundamental questioning of the instruments and measures to realise these objectives, such as the concept of a forest carbon market and offsetting, which raises global climate justice concerns. Within REDD+ target countries, indigenous rights organisations put forward equity concerns of REDD+ being used to justify a recentralisation of forest resources rather than devolution of rights and tenure for local forest stewards. Effectiveness and cost-efficiency of a REDD+ mechanism was also questioned by researchers, civil society, business and state actors with regards to leakage and permanence, and the untackled political economy of deforestation. Voices within the long-standing international forest regimes criticised REDD+ for taking away financial resources and global attention from established approaches to the governance (and management) of forests and forest land in the global South. Building on a global comparative dataset of national REDD+ policy networks, and participatory observations and interview material from UNFF meetings, UNFCCC COPs, SBSTAs, IUFRO conferences and other international meetings since 2007, we explore the coalitions of adversaries and advocates of REDD+, and discuss how politics and the underlying beliefs, interests, and discourses affect objectives to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.