The hidden forest harvest, quantified



Blog published on ‘Forest News’ (CIFOR’s blog) on 18-May-2014

Aikajakso18 toukokuuta 2014

Osallistuminen mediassa


Osallistuminen mediassa

  • NimiThe hidden forest harvest, quantified
    Tunnustuksen arvoKansainvälinen
    Medianimi / kanavaCIFOR
    KuvausDevelopment experts have long suspected income from forests and other natural environments to be critical for millions of poor people. But what they have not known is to what extent — development actions related to forests and livelihoods have been based largely on fragmented data. Often, data on forest-based incomes were lumped in with agriculture, if counted at all.

    That could change. A newly released global study led by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) on the links between livelihoods and environment has amassed a mountain of data — more than 8,300 household surveys in 333 villages in 24 developing countries — and has both confirmed some suspicions and punctured much of our conventional wisdom about environmental income. The study, which is the product of the Poverty and Environment Network (PEN), found that the world’s rural poor are more dependent on forest and environmental resources than is commonly realized. Among the findings:

    Income from natural forests and other natural areas accounted on average for 28 percent of total household income, nearly as much as crops.
    Men generated at least as much income from forests as women do, contradicting long-held assumptions.
    Forests were less important than previously believed as “safety nets” in response to shocks and as gap fillers between seasonal harvests.
    State forests generated more income than private or community forests.
    While the most destitute of poor farmers are often blamed for deforestation, they played only a modest role in forest clearing.

    Even some 10,000 years after the start of the Agricultural Revolution, rural people in developing countries still depend strongly on foraging from nature for their livelihoods.
    HenkilötArild Angelsen, Nick Hogarth, Sven Wunder