国際移民の自存戦略とトランスナショナル・ネットワークの文化人類学的研究/Cultural Anthropological study on the self-help practice and transnational networks among the international migrants

  • Länsisalmi, Riikka (Osallistuja)
  • SHOJI, Hiroshi (Projektinjohtaja)
  • MISHIMA, Tiko (Osallistuja)
  • MINAMI, Makito (Osallistuja)
  • OGURA, Mitsuo (Osallistuja)
  • TAKAHATA, Sachi (Osallistuja)

Kuvaus

There is a great diversity in current international migration, in accordance with the globalization of economy and social systems, and developing facilities for transportation and communication. Modern migrants do not live in the host society passively as a guest nor in the form of ethnic enclaves, but relate to the host society actively putting transnational networks among ethnicities to practical use.

In this study, we examined the self-help practices and various transnational networks among migrants on a micro level: Vietnamese in Japan and Finland (Shoji), people in South Africa and Zambia (Ogura), Nepalese in Japan (Minami), Soninke in Asian mega cities (Mishima), Filipinos in Japan and Australia (Takahata) and Japanese in Finland (Länsisalmi).

In the course of the research carried out both in their home and host communities in Europe, Africa and Asia including Japan, each focusing on economy (globalization of capital), history (colonialism and the world system), languages, gender and identities, we could reveal various factors relating to the reality and characteristics of global networks among the studied groups. The results of the studies showed, as a whole, that migrants are taking an active part economically as well as "psychologically" in the host society, resorting to their ethnicity and "originality", both of which, however, are apt to vacillate, particularly in the age of globalization. Moreover, such networks have been expanding from bilateral relations between home community and destination to multilateral relations among plural nations.
TilaPäättynyt
Todellinen alku/loppupvm01/04/200031/03/2002

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