Decentralization, forest certification and community forestry in Central America

  • Nygren, Anja (Muu)
  • Bieri, Kaisa Mari Johanna (Osallistuja)
  • Valkila, Joni (Osallistuja)
  • Tahkokallio, Laura (Osallistuja)

Projektin yksityiskohdat


This research analyzes the social, political, ecological and economic dynamics that affect smallholders’ involvement in community forestry and environmental certification in Central America. The specific objectives are 1) to offer new theoretical and methodological understanding of the meanings of community forestry in socially divergent communities; 2) to increase knowledge of environmental governance mechanisms at different political scales; 3) to improve understanding of the changing national and global policies of decentralization, forest certification and fair trade; and 4) to provide theoretical insights and policy recommendations of decentralized forest management and environmental certification by combining local-level analysis of resource use practices with macro-scale analysis of land use policies and local-global markets.

The research builds upon the theoretical approach of political ecology, focusing on multiple actors and institutions that shape control over natural resources at different scales. The research seeks to renew the political ecology approach: 1) by formulating theoretical principles through which ecological, economic, sociocultural, and political aspects of resource management practices could be better linked together; 2) by developing mechanisms for systematic integration of quantitative and qualitative data.

Empirical data have been gathered in three different contexts: in pine forest areas of Lepaterique, Central Honduras, in rainforest areas of Atlántida, northern Honduras, and in areas involved in fair trade activities, in Nicaragua. In qualitative data the focus is on social and political aspects of community forestry, forest certification, fair trade, combined with economic data on costs, incomes and profits; and ecological data on forest regeneration. Future articles will be focused on ecological and socio-economic aspects of community forestry and forest certification, local benefits and constraints of environmental certification, fair trade alternatives for certified forest products, and people-forest relationships in Central America.
Todellinen alku/loppupvm01/08/200431/07/2009


  • 520 Muut yhteiskuntatieteet