Law, Custom, People. Land Rights and state formation in South-East Asia

Projektin yksityiskohdat


The project was concerned with legal and cultural practices of natural resource management in Indonesia. The research describes and compares local responses to the conflicts that arose from the collapse of resource regimes which accompanied the shift of government in 1998 in forested areas of Java, Maluku and the Indonesian Borneo. By analyzing local responses to policies and conflicts in these areas, the study aimed at finding out how variouis actors construct legitimate rights and interessts in forest land, and how these constructs reflect long-term histories of land use and state presence in different parts of the country. Over the long term, outcome of colonial and national forest policies can be described as territorialization: the attempt to subject local populations and natural resources to rational management. Local responses to these schemes are highly variable and involve appeals to better governance as well as cultural sovereignty. A comparison of such responses reveals that legal and cultural practices exist in a mutually constitutive tension with each other. In the current post-national situation varitou arguments for recognizing legal and customary orders as the basis for resource rights extend beyond national discourse and draw heavily from the global discourse of environmentalism, human rights and good governance.
Todellinen alku/loppupvm01/01/200331/12/2006


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