Septuagintan antiikkiset käännökset

Kuvaus

The Septuagint is the ancient Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible. In order to use the Septuagint in modern research, its original text
for each book must be reconstructed word by word. The pro-posed project is part of the long tradition of Septuagint research in the
University of Helsinki. More specifically, it relates directly to the project for a critical edition of the Septuagint of 2 Samuel for the
Göttingen Academy of Sciences with the PI as the responsible editor. The edition project is a necessary prerequisite for the currently
proposed project. In turn, the new project will contribute significantly to the edition project.
The objective is to determine the text-critical value of three ancient versions, the Sahidic Coptic, the Ethiopic, and the Old Latin, for the
Septuagint of 2 Samuel. The research material is formed by text editions and manuscripts of the ancient versions as well as the various
Hebrew and Greek texts for 2 Samuel. The data will be integrated into a database that already contains all the Greek textual data for 2
Samuel. The database will form a basis for an Open Access online edition of the Greek 2 Samuel with the data from the important
ancient versions.
The project uses a “diagnostic approach” developed by the PI as a theoretical framework for the text-historical study. The approach
aims at defining tangible criteria (“symptoms”) for recognizing the reasons for secondariness (“conditions”).
The project will employ two postdoctoral researchers, both for ca. three years. They will both publish 3–4 peer-reviewed articles (in
Green Open Access journals, if possible). The project will advance their career by providing them the means to carry out a postdoctoral
study and to apply for a Title of Docent. The postdoctoral researchers will both make research visits to the most relevant universities in
the field of the Septuagint studies: Göttingen, Oxford, and Madrid. There will be extensive co-operation with other researchers and
related projects, such as the Digital Edition of the Coptic Old Testament in Göttingen and the Vetus Latina project in Beuron.

Kuvaus yleisölle

Septuaginta on Vanhan testamentin antiikkinen kreikankielinen käännös. Projekti liittyy kreikankielisen Toisen Samuelin kirjan
kriittisen edition julkaisuun Göttingenin Tiedeakatemian Septuaginta-sarjassa.
Septuagintan tekstihistorian monimutkaisuus ja käsikirjoitusten runsas variaatio vaativat sen tekstin rekonstruoimista sana sanalta.
Usein Septuagintan antiikkisista käännöksistä löytyvät lukutavat voivat auttaa toteamaan syyn tekstin variaatiolle. Projektiin kuuluu
kolmen tällaisen antiikkisen käännöksen – sahidilaisen (koptin murre), etiopialaisen, ja vanhalatinalaisen – tekstihistoriallista
tutkimusta.
Raamatun alkuperäisen sanamuodon tavoitteleminen on tärkeää Raamatun valtavan kulttuurihistoriallinen merkityksen takia.
Septuagintan kriittinen editio on edellytys sen käyttämiseen Vanhan testamentin tekstikritiikissä
Akronyymi70AV
TilaKäynnissä
Todellinen alku/loppupvm01/09/201931/08/2023

Tieteenalat

  • 614 Teologia
  • Septuaginta