A model-theoretic discussion of Bantu actionality

Thera Marie Crane, Bastian Persohn

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Kuvaus

Recent years have seen increased attention to the dimension of actionality (also known as lexical aspect) in Bantu. Bantu verbs are known for their complex lexicalisations of aspectual structures, in which the same verb frequently encodes both a coming-to-be phase and a result state (e.g. ‘get/be angry’). The prevalent framework of actionality in Bantu, developed primarily by Robert Botne and Tiffany Kershner, models these complex lexicalisations as consisting of up to three distinct phases: onset, nucleus, and coda. In this paper, we describe the key tenets of the theory, tracing its development and cross-linguistic applications. We then offer a problematisation of the three-phase model and note some outstanding questions in the domain of Bantu actionality. We suggest that a simpler model might allow for more straightforward analyses and comparative work. We sketch a preliminary proposal for a framework in which the explanatory weight is partially shifted to semantic characteristics of the phases and boundaries. In this model, maximally two phases – a coming to be phase and a resultant phase, along with their boundaries – are lexically encoded
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
LehtiAfricana Linguistica
ISSN2033-8732
TilaHyväksytty/In press - 2019
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

Tieteenalat

  • 5200 Muut yhteiskuntatieteet
  • 6121 Kielitieteet

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title = "A model-theoretic discussion of Bantu actionality",
abstract = "Recent years have seen increased attention to the dimension of actionality (also known as lexical aspect) in Bantu. Bantu verbs are known for their complex lexicalisations of aspectual structures, in which the same verb frequently encodes both a coming-to-be phase and a result state (e.g. ‘get/be angry’). The prevalent framework of actionality in Bantu, developed primarily by Robert Botne and Tiffany Kershner, models these complex lexicalisations as consisting of up to three distinct phases: onset, nucleus, and coda. In this paper, we describe the key tenets of the theory, tracing its development and cross-linguistic applications. We then offer a problematisation of the three-phase model and note some outstanding questions in the domain of Bantu actionality. We suggest that a simpler model might allow for more straightforward analyses and comparative work. We sketch a preliminary proposal for a framework in which the explanatory weight is partially shifted to semantic characteristics of the phases and boundaries. In this model, maximally two phases – a coming to be phase and a resultant phase, along with their boundaries – are lexically encoded",
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A model-theoretic discussion of Bantu actionality. / Crane, Thera Marie; Persohn, Bastian.

julkaisussa: Africana Linguistica, 2019.

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

TY - JOUR

T1 - A model-theoretic discussion of Bantu actionality

AU - Crane, Thera Marie

AU - Persohn, Bastian

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Recent years have seen increased attention to the dimension of actionality (also known as lexical aspect) in Bantu. Bantu verbs are known for their complex lexicalisations of aspectual structures, in which the same verb frequently encodes both a coming-to-be phase and a result state (e.g. ‘get/be angry’). The prevalent framework of actionality in Bantu, developed primarily by Robert Botne and Tiffany Kershner, models these complex lexicalisations as consisting of up to three distinct phases: onset, nucleus, and coda. In this paper, we describe the key tenets of the theory, tracing its development and cross-linguistic applications. We then offer a problematisation of the three-phase model and note some outstanding questions in the domain of Bantu actionality. We suggest that a simpler model might allow for more straightforward analyses and comparative work. We sketch a preliminary proposal for a framework in which the explanatory weight is partially shifted to semantic characteristics of the phases and boundaries. In this model, maximally two phases – a coming to be phase and a resultant phase, along with their boundaries – are lexically encoded

AB - Recent years have seen increased attention to the dimension of actionality (also known as lexical aspect) in Bantu. Bantu verbs are known for their complex lexicalisations of aspectual structures, in which the same verb frequently encodes both a coming-to-be phase and a result state (e.g. ‘get/be angry’). The prevalent framework of actionality in Bantu, developed primarily by Robert Botne and Tiffany Kershner, models these complex lexicalisations as consisting of up to three distinct phases: onset, nucleus, and coda. In this paper, we describe the key tenets of the theory, tracing its development and cross-linguistic applications. We then offer a problematisation of the three-phase model and note some outstanding questions in the domain of Bantu actionality. We suggest that a simpler model might allow for more straightforward analyses and comparative work. We sketch a preliminary proposal for a framework in which the explanatory weight is partially shifted to semantic characteristics of the phases and boundaries. In this model, maximally two phases – a coming to be phase and a resultant phase, along with their boundaries – are lexically encoded

KW - 5200 Other social sciences

KW - African studies

KW - African linguistics

KW - Linguistics

KW - 6121 Languages

KW - Linguistics

M3 - Article

JO - Africana Linguistica

JF - Africana Linguistica

SN - 2033-8732

ER -