Bicycle helmets and risky behaviour: A systematic review

Mahsa Esmaeilikia, Igor Radun, Raphael Grzebieta, Jake Olivier

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuKatsausartikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Kuvaus

A long-standing argument against bicycle helmet use is the risk compensation hypothesis, i.e., increased feelings of safety caused by wearing a helmet results in cyclists exhibiting more risky behaviour. However, past studies have found helmet wearing is not associated with risky behaviour, e.g., committing a traffic violation was positively associated with a lower frequency of helmet use. There is a lack of consensus in the research literature regarding bicycle helmet use and the risk compensation hypothesis, although this gap in knowledge was identified in the early 2000s. This is the first study to carry out a systematic review of the literature to assess whether helmet wearing is associated with risky behaviour. Two study authors systematically searched the peer-reviewed literature using five research databases (EMBASE, MEDLINE, COMPENDEX, SCOPUS, and WEB OF SCIENCE) and identified 141 unique articles and four articles from other sources. Twenty-three articles met inclusion criteria and their findings were summarised. Eighteen studies found no supportive evidence helmet use was positively associated with risky behaviour, while three studies provided mixed findings, i.e., results for and against the hypothesis. For many of these studies, bicycle helmet wearing was associated with safer cycling behaviour. Only two studies conducted from the same research lab provided evidence to support the risk compensation hypothesis. In sum, this systematic review found little to no support for the hypothesis bicycle helmet use is associated with engaging in risky behaviour. (C) 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Alkuperäiskielienglanti
LehtiTransportation Research. Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
Vuosikerta60
Sivut299–310
Sivumäärä12
ISSN1369-8478
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - tammikuuta 2019
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA2 Katsausartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä

Tieteenalat

  • 515 Psykologia

Lainaa tätä

Esmaeilikia, Mahsa ; Radun, Igor ; Grzebieta, Raphael ; Olivier, Jake. / Bicycle helmets and risky behaviour : A systematic review. Julkaisussa: Transportation Research. Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. 2019 ; Vuosikerta 60. Sivut 299–310.
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title = "Bicycle helmets and risky behaviour: A systematic review",
abstract = "A long-standing argument against bicycle helmet use is the risk compensation hypothesis, i.e., increased feelings of safety caused by wearing a helmet results in cyclists exhibiting more risky behaviour. However, past studies have found helmet wearing is not associated with risky behaviour, e.g., committing a traffic violation was positively associated with a lower frequency of helmet use. There is a lack of consensus in the research literature regarding bicycle helmet use and the risk compensation hypothesis, although this gap in knowledge was identified in the early 2000s. This is the first study to carry out a systematic review of the literature to assess whether helmet wearing is associated with risky behaviour. Two study authors systematically searched the peer-reviewed literature using five research databases (EMBASE, MEDLINE, COMPENDEX, SCOPUS, and WEB OF SCIENCE) and identified 141 unique articles and four articles from other sources. Twenty-three articles met inclusion criteria and their findings were summarised. Eighteen studies found no supportive evidence helmet use was positively associated with risky behaviour, while three studies provided mixed findings, i.e., results for and against the hypothesis. For many of these studies, bicycle helmet wearing was associated with safer cycling behaviour. Only two studies conducted from the same research lab provided evidence to support the risk compensation hypothesis. In sum, this systematic review found little to no support for the hypothesis bicycle helmet use is associated with engaging in risky behaviour. (C) 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.",
keywords = "ADOLESCENTS, ALCOHOL-USE, Bicycle helmets, COLLISIONS, COMPENSATION THEORY, CRASH, CYCLISTS, Cycling, HEAD, HOSPITAL RESOURCE USE, Risk compensation, Risky behaviour, SENSATION SEEKING, SEVERE INJURY, Systematic review, 515 Psychology",
author = "Mahsa Esmaeilikia and Igor Radun and Raphael Grzebieta and Jake Olivier",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.trf.2018.10.026",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "299–310",
journal = "Transportation Research. Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour",
issn = "1369-8478",
publisher = "PERGAMON",

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Bicycle helmets and risky behaviour : A systematic review. / Esmaeilikia, Mahsa; Radun, Igor; Grzebieta, Raphael ; Olivier, Jake.

julkaisussa: Transportation Research. Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, Vuosikerta 60, 01.2019, s. 299–310.

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuKatsausartikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bicycle helmets and risky behaviour

T2 - A systematic review

AU - Esmaeilikia, Mahsa

AU - Radun, Igor

AU - Grzebieta, Raphael

AU - Olivier, Jake

PY - 2019/1

Y1 - 2019/1

N2 - A long-standing argument against bicycle helmet use is the risk compensation hypothesis, i.e., increased feelings of safety caused by wearing a helmet results in cyclists exhibiting more risky behaviour. However, past studies have found helmet wearing is not associated with risky behaviour, e.g., committing a traffic violation was positively associated with a lower frequency of helmet use. There is a lack of consensus in the research literature regarding bicycle helmet use and the risk compensation hypothesis, although this gap in knowledge was identified in the early 2000s. This is the first study to carry out a systematic review of the literature to assess whether helmet wearing is associated with risky behaviour. Two study authors systematically searched the peer-reviewed literature using five research databases (EMBASE, MEDLINE, COMPENDEX, SCOPUS, and WEB OF SCIENCE) and identified 141 unique articles and four articles from other sources. Twenty-three articles met inclusion criteria and their findings were summarised. Eighteen studies found no supportive evidence helmet use was positively associated with risky behaviour, while three studies provided mixed findings, i.e., results for and against the hypothesis. For many of these studies, bicycle helmet wearing was associated with safer cycling behaviour. Only two studies conducted from the same research lab provided evidence to support the risk compensation hypothesis. In sum, this systematic review found little to no support for the hypothesis bicycle helmet use is associated with engaging in risky behaviour. (C) 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

AB - A long-standing argument against bicycle helmet use is the risk compensation hypothesis, i.e., increased feelings of safety caused by wearing a helmet results in cyclists exhibiting more risky behaviour. However, past studies have found helmet wearing is not associated with risky behaviour, e.g., committing a traffic violation was positively associated with a lower frequency of helmet use. There is a lack of consensus in the research literature regarding bicycle helmet use and the risk compensation hypothesis, although this gap in knowledge was identified in the early 2000s. This is the first study to carry out a systematic review of the literature to assess whether helmet wearing is associated with risky behaviour. Two study authors systematically searched the peer-reviewed literature using five research databases (EMBASE, MEDLINE, COMPENDEX, SCOPUS, and WEB OF SCIENCE) and identified 141 unique articles and four articles from other sources. Twenty-three articles met inclusion criteria and their findings were summarised. Eighteen studies found no supportive evidence helmet use was positively associated with risky behaviour, while three studies provided mixed findings, i.e., results for and against the hypothesis. For many of these studies, bicycle helmet wearing was associated with safer cycling behaviour. Only two studies conducted from the same research lab provided evidence to support the risk compensation hypothesis. In sum, this systematic review found little to no support for the hypothesis bicycle helmet use is associated with engaging in risky behaviour. (C) 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

KW - ADOLESCENTS

KW - ALCOHOL-USE

KW - Bicycle helmets

KW - COLLISIONS

KW - COMPENSATION THEORY

KW - CRASH

KW - CYCLISTS

KW - Cycling

KW - HEAD

KW - HOSPITAL RESOURCE USE

KW - Risk compensation

KW - Risky behaviour

KW - SENSATION SEEKING

KW - SEVERE INJURY

KW - Systematic review

KW - 515 Psychology

U2 - 10.1016/j.trf.2018.10.026

DO - 10.1016/j.trf.2018.10.026

M3 - Review Article

VL - 60

SP - 299

EP - 310

JO - Transportation Research. Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour

JF - Transportation Research. Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour

SN - 1369-8478

ER -