Cattle Production for Exports in Water-Abundant Areas: The Case of Finland

Lehikoinen Elina, Tuure Ossian Parviainen, Juha Pekka Helenius, Mika Jalava, Arto O. Salonen, Matti Kummu

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

Kuvaus

Water scarcity is a severe global threat, and it will only become more critical with a growing and wealthier population. Annually, considerable volumes of water are transferred virtually through the global food system to secure nations’ food supply and to diversify diets. Our objective is to assess, whether specializing water-intensive production for exports in areas with an abundance of
natural resources, would contribute to globally resource-efficient food production. We calculated Finland’s virtual water net export potential (four scenarios) by reallocating the present underutilized agricultural land and combining that with a domestic diet change (three scenarios) to maximize
the exports of cattle products. Assessed scenarios indicate that the greatest potential to net export Assessed scenarios indicate that the greatest potential to net export virtual water (3.7 billion m3 year−1, 25-time increase to current) was achieved when local production was maximized with domestic and exported feed, and bovine meat consumption in Finland wasreplaced with a vegetarian substitute. This corresponds to annual virtual water consumption for food
of about 3.6 million global citizens (assuming 1032 m3 cap−1 year−1). Therefore our results suggest, that optimizing water-intensive production to water-rich areas, has a significant impact on global water savings. In addition, increasing exports from such areas by decreasing the domestic demand
for water-intensive products to meet the nutrition recommendation levels, saves water resources.
Alkuperäiskielienglanti
Artikkeli1075
LehtiSustainability
Vuosikerta11
Numero4
Sivumäärä20
ISSN2071-1050
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 2 helmikuuta 2019
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä, vertaisarvioitu

Tieteenalat

  • 415 Muut maataloustieteet
  • 412 Kotieläintiede, maitotaloustiede
  • 1172 Ympäristötiede

Lainaa tätä

Elina, Lehikoinen ; Parviainen, Tuure Ossian ; Helenius, Juha Pekka ; Jalava, Mika ; Salonen, Arto O. ; Kummu, Matti. / Cattle Production for Exports in Water-Abundant Areas : The Case of Finland. Julkaisussa: Sustainability. 2019 ; Vuosikerta 11, Nro 4.
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title = "Cattle Production for Exports in Water-Abundant Areas: The Case of Finland",
abstract = "Water scarcity is a severe global threat, and it will only become more critical with a growing and wealthier population. Annually, considerable volumes of water are transferred virtually through the global food system to secure nations’ food supply and to diversify diets. Our objective is to assess, whether specializing water-intensive production for exports in areas with an abundance ofnatural resources, would contribute to globally resource-efficient food production. We calculated Finland’s virtual water net export potential (four scenarios) by reallocating the present underutilized agricultural land and combining that with a domestic diet change (three scenarios) to maximizethe exports of cattle products. Assessed scenarios indicate that the greatest potential to net export Assessed scenarios indicate that the greatest potential to net export virtual water (3.7 billion m3 year−1, 25-time increase to current) was achieved when local production was maximized with domestic and exported feed, and bovine meat consumption in Finland wasreplaced with a vegetarian substitute. This corresponds to annual virtual water consumption for foodof about 3.6 million global citizens (assuming 1032 m3 cap−1 year−1). Therefore our results suggest, that optimizing water-intensive production to water-rich areas, has a significant impact on global water savings. In addition, increasing exports from such areas by decreasing the domestic demandfor water-intensive products to meet the nutrition recommendation levels, saves water resources.",
keywords = "415 Other agricultural sciences, 412 Animal science, dairy science, 1172 Environmental sciences, cattle production, diet change, land use, reallocation, trade, virtual water, water-intensive products",
author = "Lehikoinen Elina and Parviainen, {Tuure Ossian} and Helenius, {Juha Pekka} and Mika Jalava and Salonen, {Arto O.} and Matti Kummu",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "2",
doi = "10.3390/su11041075",
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journal = "Sustainability",
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Cattle Production for Exports in Water-Abundant Areas : The Case of Finland. / Elina, Lehikoinen; Parviainen, Tuure Ossian; Helenius, Juha Pekka; Jalava, Mika; Salonen, Arto O.; Kummu, Matti.

julkaisussa: Sustainability, Vuosikerta 11, Nro 4, 1075, 02.02.2019.

Tutkimustuotos: ArtikkelijulkaisuArtikkeliTieteellinenvertaisarvioitu

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cattle Production for Exports in Water-Abundant Areas

T2 - The Case of Finland

AU - Elina, Lehikoinen

AU - Parviainen, Tuure Ossian

AU - Helenius, Juha Pekka

AU - Jalava, Mika

AU - Salonen, Arto O.

AU - Kummu, Matti

PY - 2019/2/2

Y1 - 2019/2/2

N2 - Water scarcity is a severe global threat, and it will only become more critical with a growing and wealthier population. Annually, considerable volumes of water are transferred virtually through the global food system to secure nations’ food supply and to diversify diets. Our objective is to assess, whether specializing water-intensive production for exports in areas with an abundance ofnatural resources, would contribute to globally resource-efficient food production. We calculated Finland’s virtual water net export potential (four scenarios) by reallocating the present underutilized agricultural land and combining that with a domestic diet change (three scenarios) to maximizethe exports of cattle products. Assessed scenarios indicate that the greatest potential to net export Assessed scenarios indicate that the greatest potential to net export virtual water (3.7 billion m3 year−1, 25-time increase to current) was achieved when local production was maximized with domestic and exported feed, and bovine meat consumption in Finland wasreplaced with a vegetarian substitute. This corresponds to annual virtual water consumption for foodof about 3.6 million global citizens (assuming 1032 m3 cap−1 year−1). Therefore our results suggest, that optimizing water-intensive production to water-rich areas, has a significant impact on global water savings. In addition, increasing exports from such areas by decreasing the domestic demandfor water-intensive products to meet the nutrition recommendation levels, saves water resources.

AB - Water scarcity is a severe global threat, and it will only become more critical with a growing and wealthier population. Annually, considerable volumes of water are transferred virtually through the global food system to secure nations’ food supply and to diversify diets. Our objective is to assess, whether specializing water-intensive production for exports in areas with an abundance ofnatural resources, would contribute to globally resource-efficient food production. We calculated Finland’s virtual water net export potential (four scenarios) by reallocating the present underutilized agricultural land and combining that with a domestic diet change (three scenarios) to maximizethe exports of cattle products. Assessed scenarios indicate that the greatest potential to net export Assessed scenarios indicate that the greatest potential to net export virtual water (3.7 billion m3 year−1, 25-time increase to current) was achieved when local production was maximized with domestic and exported feed, and bovine meat consumption in Finland wasreplaced with a vegetarian substitute. This corresponds to annual virtual water consumption for foodof about 3.6 million global citizens (assuming 1032 m3 cap−1 year−1). Therefore our results suggest, that optimizing water-intensive production to water-rich areas, has a significant impact on global water savings. In addition, increasing exports from such areas by decreasing the domestic demandfor water-intensive products to meet the nutrition recommendation levels, saves water resources.

KW - 415 Other agricultural sciences

KW - 412 Animal science, dairy science

KW - 1172 Environmental sciences

KW - cattle production

KW - diet change

KW - land use

KW - reallocation

KW - trade

KW - virtual water

KW - water-intensive products

U2 - 10.3390/su11041075

DO - 10.3390/su11041075

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - Sustainability

JF - Sustainability

SN - 2071-1050

IS - 4

M1 - 1075

ER -