The isomers of small molecule alcohols propanol (PrOH) and butanol (BuOH) are studied by x-ray Compton scattering experiments with synchrotron radiation and density-functional theory calculations. The lineshape of the measured spectra, i.e., the Compton profile, is a momentum-space property, and its changes reflect changes in the electronic charge density between the isomers. Compared to the linear alcohols (n-PrOH and n-BuOH), the Compton profiles of the branched alcohols (iso-PrOH, iso-BuOH, sec-BuOH) are found to be narrower, which indicates a more delocalized charge for the latter. The calculations are performed for systems consisting of one to three monomer units and are found to reproduce reasonably the experimental spectral features. The influence of the basis set and exchange-correlation scheme is studied in more detail. The results provide new insight into the isomeric differences in small molecule alcohols and show that quantum chemical calculations can be increasingly tested against the x-ray Compton scattering data.
- 114 Fysiikka
Hakala, M., Nygård, K., Vaara, J., Itou, M., Sakurai, Y., & Hämäläinen, K. (2009). Charge localization in alcohol isomers studied by Compton scattering. Journal of Chemical Physics, 130(3), 034506-1-034506-8. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3059421